Human Infestation with Dermanyssus gallinae (Acari: Dermanyssidae) in a Family Referred with Pruritus and Skin Lesions.

  • Mohammad Abdigoudarzi Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Alborz, Iran.
  • Mahmoud S Mirafzali Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute Department of Health Management, Alborz, Iran.
  • Hamid Belgheiszadeh Department of Parasitology, Islamic Azad University (Medical Branch), Iran.
Keywords: Dermanyssus gallinae, Human, Infestation

Abstract

The poultry red mite, Dermanyssus gallinae is one of the most economically important ectoparasites in hens and some species of mammals worldwide. Cases of human infestation have been reported worldwide. In this study we report infestation in three members of a family referred with pruritus and allergic dermatitis rash. They have collected very small animals and carried them to the laboratory which later was confirmed as D. gallinae. They claimed that they had been bitten with this ectoparasite. This is the first case report of human infestation owing to D. gallinae from Iran.

References

Akdemir C, Gülcan E, Tanritanir P (2009) Case report: Dermanyssus gallinae in a patient with pruritus and skin lesions. Türk Parazitol Dergisi. 33(3): 242–244.

Bellanger AP, Bories C, Foulet F, Bretagne S, Botterel F (2008) Nosocomial der- matitis caused by Dermanyssus gallinae.Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 29(3):282–283.

Cafiero MA, Circella E, Santagada G, Parisi A, Lomuto M, Camarda A (2007) Infestazione da Dermanyssus gallinae nell’uomo: un problema di igiene ur- bana. Obiet Doc Vet. 6: 41–45.

Cafiero MA, Camarda A, Circella E, Santagada G, Schino G, Lomuto M (2008) Pseudoscabies caused by Dermanyssus gallinae in Italian city dwellers: a new setting for an old der- matitis. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol.22: 1382–1383.

Di-Palma A, Giangaspero A, Cafiero MA, Germinara GS (2012) A gallery of the key characters to ease identification of Dermanyssus gallinae (Acari: Gamasida: Dermanyssidae) and allow differen- tiation from Ornithonyssus sylviarum (Acari: Gamasida: Macronyssidae). Parasit Vectors. 5: 104.

Dogramaci AC, Culha G, Ozçelik S, Dermatolog TJ (2010) Dermanyssus gallinae infestation: an unusual cause of scalp pruritus treated with permethrin shampoo. J Dermatol. 2 21(5): 319–321.

Haag-Wackernagel D, Bircher AJ (2010) Ec- toparasites from feral pigeons affecting humans. Dermatol. (Basel). 220(1):82–92.

Diaz JH (2006) The Epidemiology, Diagno- sis, Management and Prevention of Ectoparasitic Diseases in Travelers. J Travel Med. 13: 100–111.

Lucky AW, Sayers C, Argus JD, Lucky A (2001) Avian mite bites acquired from a new source, pet gerbils: report of 2 cases and review of the literature. Arch Dermatol. 137(2): 167–170.

Neva FA, Brown HW (1994) Arthropods injurious to Human Beings, Basic Clin- ical Parasitology, 6th Ed, East Norwalk.

Orton DI, Warren LJ, Wilkinson JD (2000) Avian mite dermatitis. Clin Exp Dermatol. 25(2): 129–131.

Pampiglione S, Pampiglione G, Pagani M, Rivasi F (2001) Persistent scalp infes- tation by Dermanyssus gallinae in an Emilian country-woman. Parasitologia.43(3): 113–115.

Prins M, Go IH, van Dooren-Greebe RJ (1996) Parasitic pruritus: bird mite zo- onosis. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 140 (51): 2550–2552.

Rosen S, Yeruham I, Braverman Y (2002) Dermatitis in humans associated with the mites Pyemotes tritici, Dermanyssus gallinae, Ornithonyssus bacoti and Androlaelaps casalis in Israel. Med Vet Entomol. 16(4): 442–444.

Rossiter A (1997) Occupational otitis exter- nal in chicken catchers. J Laryngol Otol. 111: 366–367.

Sahibi H, Sparagano O, Rhalem A (2008) Dermanyssus gallinae: Acari parasite highly aggressive but still ignored in Morocco. BSP spring, trypanosomiasis/ leishmaniasis and malaria meetings.

March 30th to April 2nd, Newcas- tle Upon Tyne, England, p. 173.

Sexton DJ, Barton H (1975) Bird-mite in- festation in a university hospital. Lancet. 7904: 445.

Sparagano O, Pavlićević A, Murano T, Camarda A, Sahibi H, Kilpinen O, Mul M, van Emous R, le Bouquin S, Hoel K, Cafiero MA (2009) Preva- lence and key figures for the poultry red mite Dermanyssus gallinae infec- tions in poultry farm systems. Exp Appl Acarol. 48(1–2): 3–10.

Traver J (1951) Unusual scalp dermatitis in humans caused by the mite, Dermato- phagoides (Acarina, epidermoptidae) Proceedings of the Entomological So- ciety of Washington Vol. 53, No. 1.

Vaiente MC, Chauve C, Zenner L (2007) Experimental infection of Salmonella enteritidis by the poultry red mite, Dermanyssus gallinae. Vet Parasitol.146: 329–336.

Watson CR (2003) Human infestation with bird mites in Wollongong, Commun Dis Intel. 27: 259–261.

Williams RW (1958) An Infestation of a Human Habitation by Dermanyssus Gallinae (Degeer, 1778) (Acarina: Dermanyssidae) in New York City Re- sulting in Sanguisugent Attacks upon the Occupants. Am J Trop Med Hyg.7: 627–629.

How to Cite
1.
Abdigoudarzi M, Mirafzali MS, Belgheiszadeh H. Human Infestation with Dermanyssus gallinae (Acari: Dermanyssidae) in a Family Referred with Pruritus and Skin Lesions. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 8(1):119-123.
Section
Articles