Presence of Phlebotomus perniciosus Atypical Form in Algeria

  • Kamel Eddine Benallal Laboratoire d’Eco-Epidémiologie Parasitaire et Génétique des Populations, Institut Pasteur d’Algérie, Algeria
  • Razika Benikhlef Laboratoire d’Eco-Epidémiologie Parasitaire et Génétique des Populations, Institut Pasteur d’Algérie, Algeria
  • Rafik Garni Laboratoire d’Eco-Epidémiologie Parasitaire et Génétique des Populations, Institut Pasteur d’Algérie, Algeria
  • Brahim Gassen Direction de la Santé Publique de Tamanrasset, Algeria
  • Jean-Pierre Dedet Université Montpellier 1 et CHRU de Montpellier, Centre National de Référence des Leishmanioses, Département de Parasitologie-Mycologie, France
  • Zoubir Harrat Laboratoire d’Eco-Epidémiologie Parasitaire et Génétique des Populations, Institut Pasteur d’Algérie, Algeria
Keywords: Phlebotomus perniciosus, Phlebotomus longicuspis, Atypical Phlebotomus perniciosus, Leishmaniasis, Algeria

Abstract

Background: Phlebotomus perniciosus and Phlebotomus longicuspis are two phlebotomine sand fly species morphologically similar and differing in males only by the shape of the copulatory valves which are bifurcated in P. perniciosus, tip long and tapered in P. longicuspis.Methods: A count of the median coxite setae was carried out on 208 specimens from the collections of Dedet and of Parrot, identified previously as P. longicuspis and on 38 P. perniciosus male sand flies captured during the year 2012–2013, in order to seek the presence of atypical P. perniciosus form.Results: The analysis revealed the presence of 33/246 (13%) atypical P. perniciosus previously confused with P. longicuspis species and whose distribution is mainly located in the semi-arid and arid bioclimatic regions.Conclusion: This study proved for the first time the presence of atypical form of P. perniciosus in Algeria.

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Published
2017-04-18
How to Cite
1.
Benallal KE, Benikhlef R, Garni R, Gassen B, Dedet J-P, Harrat Z. Presence of Phlebotomus perniciosus Atypical Form in Algeria. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 11(1):139-146.
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Original Article