A Retrospective Study on Scropionism in Iran (2002–2011)

  • Rouhullah Dehghani Social Determinants of Health (SDH) Research Center and Department of Environmental Health, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
  • Javad Rafinejad Department of Medical Entomology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran Center for Solid Waste Research (CSWR), Institute for Environmental Research (IER), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Behrooz Fathi Department of Pharmacology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
  • Morteza Panjeh-Shahi Health Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Kashan, Iran
  • Mehrdad Jazayeri Health Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Kashan, Iran
  • Afsaneh Hashemi Veterinarian Medicine, Head Office of Veterinary Khorassan Razavi Province, Mashhad, Iran
Keywords: Scorpion stings, Epidemiology, Iran

Abstract

Background: Scorpion sting is a common medical emergency in Iran. The epidemiological features and control of such cases vary from south to north. This review will provide new information about the epidemiology of scorpion stings in different provinces of Iran.Methods: In this descriptive retrospective study, data on scorpionism including incidence rates, mortality as well as locality from 2002 to 2011were collected.Results: Overall, 433203 victims of scorpion stings had been referred to health centers from of all of the 31 prov­inces. The incidence of scorpion stings in 100000 populations was from 54.8 to 66. The highest rate of scorpion stings occurred among the 25–34 yr old group. The highest incidence of scorpion stings during 2011 was observed in Khuzestan Province and the lowest number in Mazandaran Province. The peak number of human cases (scorpion stings) was recorded during May to August.Conclusion: Scorpion stings in Iran are high. It is necessary that physicians and health care professionals should be familiar with local scorpions, especially those that are potentially more dangerous than others, the effective treatment protocols, and supportive care as well as their control of scorpionism

References

Al-Sadoon MK, Jarrar BM (2003) Epidemi- ological study of scorpion stings in Saudi Arabia between 1993 and 1997. J Venom Anim Toxins Incl Trop Dis. 9: 54–64.

Chippaux JP, Goyffon M (2010) Epidemiol- ogy of scorpionism: a global apprasial. Acta Trop. 107: 71–79.Dehghani R, Khamechian T (2008) Scrotum injury by scorpion sting. Iran J Arthro- pod-Borne Dis. 2(1): 49–52.

Dehghani R, Djadid ND, Shahbazzadeh D, Bigdelli S (2009) Introducing Comp- sobuthus matthiesseni (Birula 1905) scor- pion as one of the major stinging scor- pions in Khuzestan, Iran. Toxicon. 54 (3): 272–275.

Deghani R, Vazirainzadeh B, Rahimi Nasa- badi M, Moravvej SA (2010) Study of scorpionism in Kashan in central of Iran. Pak J Med Sci. 26: 955–958.

Dehghani R, Fathi B (2012) Scorpion sting in Iran: a review. Toxicon. 60: 919–933. Dehghani R, Khamehchian T, Vazirianzadeh B, Vatandoost H, Moravvej SA (2012)

Toxic effects of scorpion, Hemiscorpius lepturus (Hemiscorpiidae) venom on mice. J Animal Plant Sci. 22(3): 593–596.

Dehghani R, Arani MG (2015) Scorpion sting prevention and treatment in an- cient Iran. J Tradit Complement Med.5(2): 75–80.

Dupre G (2012) Repartition continental des scorpions. Arachnides, Bulletin DE Ter- rariophilie ET De Recherches DE L’A. P.C.I. (Association Pour la Connais- sance des Invertébrés): 8–32.

Emam SJ, Khosravi AD, Alemohammad A (2008) Evaluation of hematological and urine parameters in Hemiscorpius lep- turus (Gadim) victims referred to Razi hospital, Ahwaz, Iran. J Med Sci. 8: 306–309 (in Persian, abstract in English).

Jalali A, Pipelzade MH, Sayedian R, Rown EG (2010) A review of epidemiologi-

cal, clinical and in vitro physiological studies of envenomation by the scorpion Hemiscorpius lepturus (Hemiscorpiidae) in Iran. Toxicon. 55: 173–179.

Jarrar BM, Al-Rowaily MA (2008) Epide- miological aspects of scorpion stings in Al-Jouf Province, Saudi Arabia. Ann Saudi Med. 28: 183–187.

Labaf Ghasemi R (1999) Status of scorpion sting in Iran and its control. Behvarz J.10(2): 32–35 (in Persian).

Malhotra KK, Chadha JS, Mirdehghan M, Tandon D (1978) Acute renal failure fallowing scorpion sting. Am J Med Hyg. 27(3): 623–626.

Mashak Z, Nemat R, Mahboobian B (2000) Epidemiologic survey of scorpion sting in Abozar hospital, Ahwaz Province, Iran between 1989–1990. Hakim Res J. 3(3): 215–221(in Persian, abstract in English).

Navidpour SF, Kovařík ME, Soleglad Fet V (2008a) Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpions). Part 1. Khouzestan Prov- ince. Euscorpius. 65: 1–41.

Navidpour Sf, Kovařík ME, Soleglad Fet V (2008b) Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpions). Part 3. Bushehr Province. Euscorpius. 69: 1–29.

Ozkan O, Adiguzel S, Cesaretli Y, Orman M, Karaer ZK (2006) Androctonus crassi- cauda (Olivier 1807) scorpionism in the Sanliurfa Provinces of Turkey. Turk J Parasit. 30: 239–245.

Ozkan O, KAT I (2005) Mesobuthus eupeus scorpionism in Sanliurfa region of Tur- key. J Venom Anim Toxins Incl Trop Dis. 11: 479–491.

Pipelzade MH, Jalali A, Taraz M, Pourabbas R, Zaremirakabadi A (2007) An epidemio- logical and a clinical study on scorpion- ism by the Iranian scorpion Hemiscorpius lepturus. Toxicon. 50(9): 84–92.

Radmanesh M, Shaffiee S (1989) Clinical study of Apistobuthus pterygocercus sting. J Daru and Darman. 6(63): 9–10 (in Per- sian).

Radmanesh M (1990a) Clinical study of Hemiscorpius lepturus in Iran. J Trop Med Hyg. 93: 377–382.

Radmanesh M (1990b) Androctonus crassi- cauda sting and its clinical study in Iran. J Trop Med Hyg. 93: 323–326.

Rafeeazadeh S (2009) Report of scorpion sting In Iran during 2009. Center of Management of Preventing and Fighting with the Diseases, pp. 1–15 (in Persian).

Rafizadeh S, Rafinejad J, Rassi Y (2013) Ep- idemiology of corpionism in Iran dur- ing 2009. J Arthropod-Borne Dis. 7(1):66–70.

Sanaei-Zadeh H (2014) Hypersensitivity re- action to scorpion antivenom. Indian Dermatol Online J. 5(1): 51–52.

Shahbazzadeh D, Amirkhani A, Djadid ND, Bigdeli S, Akbari A, Ahari H, Amini H, Dehghani R (2009) Epidemiologi- cal and clinical survey of scorpionism in Khuzestan Province, Iran (2003). Toxicon. 53(4): 454–459.Vazirainzadeh B, Farhadpour F, HosseinzadehM, Zarean M, Moravej SA (2012) An epidemiological and clinical study on scorpionism in hospitalized children in Khuzestan, Iran. J Arthropod-Borne Dis.6: 62–69.

Vetter RS, Visscher PK (1998) Bites and stings of medically important venomous arthropods. Int J Dermatol. 37: 481–496. Warrell DA (1992) Recent Advances in Toxinology Research. In: Gopalakrish- nakone P, Tan CK, (Eds). National Uni- versity of Singapore, Singapore. pp.121–153.

White J (2000) Bites and stings from venom- ous animals: a global overview. There Drug Monit. 22(1): 65–68.

Published
2017-06-13
How to Cite
1.
Dehghani R, Rafinejad J, Fathi B, Panjeh-Shahi M, Jazayeri M, Hashemi A. A Retrospective Study on Scropionism in Iran (2002–2011). J Arthropod Borne Dis. 11(2):194-203.
Section
Original Article