Larvicidal Activity of Bunium persicum Essential Oil and Extract against Malaria Vector, Anopheles stephensi

  • Hassan Vatandoost Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran Department of Chemical Pollutants and Pesticides, Institute for Environmental Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Arezoo Rustaie Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy and Persian Medicine and Pharmacy Research Centre, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Zeynab Talaeian Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy and Persian Medicine and Pharmacy Research Centre, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Mohammad Reza Abai Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Fatemeh Moradkhani Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy and Persian Medicine and Pharmacy Research Centre, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Mahdi Vazirian Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy and Persian Medicine and Pharmacy Research Centre, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Abbas Hadjiakhoondi Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy and Persian Medicine and Pharmacy Research Centre, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Mohammad Reza Shams-Ardekani Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy and Persian Medicine and Pharmacy Research Centre, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran Department of Traditional Pharmacy, School of Traditional Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Mahnaz Khanavi Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy and Persian Medicine and Pharmacy Research Centre, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
Keywords: Anopheles stephensi, Bunium persicum, larvicidal activity, extract, essential oil

Abstract

Background: Malaria, a mosquito-transmitted disease, is still a major human health problem all over the world. Lar­viciding is a component of comprehensive control program to overcome the disease. Negative aspects of synthetic insecticides application, such as environmental safety concerns, have favored use of natural insecticides.Methods: Larvicidal activity of essential oil, extracts and fractions of a wild grown and a cultivated type of Bunium persicum fruits against malaria vector Anopheles stephensi was assessed according to the method described by WHO.Results: Bunium persicum showed remarkable potency against An. stephensi larvae. LC50 values for essential oil, total extract, petroleum ether fraction and methanol fraction were 27.4284, 64.9933, 85.9933 and 255.7486ppm for wild type, and 21.3823, 63.2580, 62.7814 and 152.6357ppm for cultivated one.Conclusion: The results of this study suggest B. persicum as a valuable source of natural insecticides against malaria vector Anopheles stephensi.

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Published
2018-03-18
How to Cite
1.
Vatandoost H, Rustaie A, Talaeian Z, Abai MR, Moradkhani F, Vazirian M, Hadjiakhoondi A, Shams-Ardekani MR, Khanavi M. Larvicidal Activity of Bunium persicum Essential Oil and Extract against Malaria Vector, Anopheles stephensi. jad. 12(1):85-3.
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