Ixodid Tick Vectors of Wild Mammals and Reptiles of Southern India

  • K. G. Ajith Kumar Department of Veterinary Parasitology, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pookode, Lakkidi, Kerala, India
  • Reghu Ravindran Department of Veterinary Parasitology, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pookode, Lakkidi, Kerala, India
  • Joju Johns Centre for Wildlife Studies, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pookode, Lakkidi, Kerala, India
  • George Chandy Centre for Wildlife Studies, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pookode, Lakkidi, Kerala, India
  • Kavitha Rajagopal Department of Livestock Products Technology, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pookode, Lakkidi, Kerala, India
  • Leena Chandrasekhar Department of Veterinary Anatomy, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pookode, Lakkidi, Kerala, India
  • Ajith Jacob George Department of Veterinary Pathology, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pookode, Lakkidi, Kerala, India
  • Srikanta Ghosh Entomology Laboratory, Division of Parasitology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, India
Keywords: Ticks, Wild mammals, Reptiles, Wayanad, South India

Abstract

Background: We aimed to focus on the ixodid ticks parasitizing wild mammals and reptiles from Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, Western Ghat, southern India.Methods: The taxonomic identification of ticks collected from wild mammals and reptiles was performed based on the morphology of adults.Results: We revealed eight species of ticks including, Amblyomma integrum, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) annulatus, Haemaphysalis (Kaiseriana) spinigera, H. (K.) shimoga, H. (K.) bispinosa, H. (Rhipistoma) indica, Rhipicephalus haemaphysaloides and R. sanguineus  s.l. collected from nine species of wild mammals while four tick species Ablyomma kraneveldi, A. pattoni, A. gervaisi and A. javanense parasitizing on four species of reptiles. The highest host rich­ness was shown by H. (K.) bispinosa and R. haemaphysaloides parasitizing six and five different host species, re­spectively.  Reports of R. (B.) annulatus on sambar deer, A. javanense and A. kraneveldi on python as well as A. pat­toni on Indian rat snake are the new host records from this region.Conclusion: Eight species of ticks parasitizing on nine species of wild mammals and four species of parasitizing on four species of reptiles were identified. The highest host richness was shown by H. (K.) bispinosa and R. haemaphy­saloides. H. spinigera as the vector of KFD was also identified in this study.

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Published
2018-07-25
How to Cite
1.
Kumar KGA, Ravindran R, Johns J, Chandy G, Rajagopal K, Chandrasekhar L, George AJ, Ghosh S. Ixodid Tick Vectors of Wild Mammals and Reptiles of Southern India. jad. 12(3):276-85.
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Original Article