A Study on the Identification of Five Arboviruses from Hematophagous Mosquitoes and Midges Captured in Some Parts of Northern Turkey

  • Emre Ozan Veterinary Control Institut, Ministry of Food Agriculture and Livestock, Samsun, Turkey
  • Harun Albayrak Department of Virology Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Ondokuz Mayıs University, Samsun, Turkey
  • Semra Gumusova Department of Virology Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Ondokuz Mayıs University, Samsun, Turkey
  • Cenk S. Bolukbas Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Ondokuz Mayıs University, Samsun, Turkey
  • Mithat Kurt Department of Virology Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Ondokuz Mayıs University, Samsun, Turkey
  • Gokmen Z. Pekmezci Department of Aquatic Animal Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun, Turkey
  • Yunus E. Beyhan Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Yuzuncu Yil University, Van, Turkey
  • Hamza Kadi Veterinary Control Institut, Ministry of Food Agriculture and Livestock, Samsun, Turkey
  • Selma Kaya Veterinary Control Institut, Ministry of Food Agriculture and Livestock, Samsun, Turkey
  • Ismail Aydin Veterinary Control Institut, Ministry of Food Agriculture and Livestock, Samsun, Turkey
  • Zafer Yazici Department of Virology Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Ondokuz Mayıs University, Samsun, Turkey
Keywords: Mosquito; Midge; Identification; Real-time RT-PCR; Arbovirus

Abstract

Background: Whether zoonotic or not, arboviral infections are continuing to be a major threat to human health as well as the livestock industry all around the world. This project presented the results of the identification study on five arboviruses, including West Nile virus (WNV), Bovine ephemeral fever virus, Akabane virus, Bluetongue virus, and Epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus, in mosquitos and midges from eight provinces of the Black Sea Region.Methods: During 2011 and 2012, 3193 mosquitoes were captured around natural streams, rivers, lakes, and ponds using dry-baited miniature light-traps. Identification studies were concluded by employing molecular methods.Results: According to the morphological identification, blood-sucking mosquitoes and biting-midges belonged to Aedes (44.69%), Anopheles (28.34%), Culex (22.14%) and Culicoides (4.83%) species. Overall, 146 pools were made up of captured mosquitos and midges. None of the five viruses were directly identified by mosquitoes.Conclusion: Mosquitoes and midges have got a crucial role in the transmission of arboviruses. The risk of occurrence for the investigated arboviruses will continue depending upon many factors including the presence of these viruses in Turkey and its neighboring countries, uncontrolled livestock movements, global warming and climate changes.

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Published
2018-10-12
How to Cite
1.
Ozan E, Albayrak H, Gumusova S, Bolukbas CS, Kurt M, Pekmezci GZ, Beyhan YE, Kadi H, Kaya S, Aydin I, Yazici Z. A Study on the Identification of Five Arboviruses from Hematophagous Mosquitoes and Midges Captured in Some Parts of Northern Turkey. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 13(2):224-233.
Section
Original Article