Scorpions and Scorpionism in Roudan County, Southern Iran

  • Mehran Shahi Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health and Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Hormozgan Heath Institute, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
  • Reza Habibi-Masour Department of Diseases Control, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Roudan, Iran
  • Mehrdad Salehi Department of Diseases Control, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Roudan, Iran
  • Mehdi Ghasemi-Nang Department of Diseases Control, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
  • Emadaddin Rafizad Department of Diseases Control, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
  • Madineh Abbasi Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Keywords: Distribution, Scorpion, Scorpion sting, Scorpionism, Iran

Abstract

Background: Every year, thousands of cases and many deaths from scorpion sting are reported in tropical areas of South and Southwestern parts of Iran. The aim of this study was to identify the fauna and dangerous species of scorpi­ons in Rou­dan County, southern Iran.Methods: This descriptive study was conducted in 10 stations in Hormozgan Province. Scorpion sampling was done randomly by searching for their shelter and digging out their nests during day, and with the use of UV light during night from February 2013 to October 2014. Data of scorpion stings were obtained from health center of Hormozgan Province during 2014–2016.Results: Overall, 155 scorpions were collected on a set of eight species belonging to Buthidae and Hemiscorpiidae fam­ilies. These species were identified as Mesobuthus persicus, Mesobuthus phillipsi, Hottentotta schach, Odontobuthus doriae, Compsobuthus persicus, Orthochirus farzanpayi, Androctonus crassicauda and Hemiscorpius acanthocercus. One thousand and twenty-seven cases of scorpion sting were recorded during 2014–2016 with a peak period in summer. Most of cases were <44yr old. Five out of six medically important scorpions in Iran were actively identified in the study area.Conclusion: Results of this study would greatly help to identify risk factors of scorpion sting in high-risk areas for planning, management and treatment of patients with scorpion sting in these areas.

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Published
2019-08-03
How to Cite
1.
Shahi M, Habibi-Masour R, Salehi M, Ghasemi-Nang M, Rafizad E, Abbasi M, Hanafi-Bojd AA. Scorpions and Scorpionism in Roudan County, Southern Iran. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 13(4):353-361.
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Original Article