Fauna and Larval Habitats of Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) of West Azerbaijan Province, Northwestern Iran.

  • Farahnaz Khoshdel-Nezamiha Research Center of Social Determinants of Health, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran AND Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.
  • Hassan Vatandoost Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Shahyad Azari-Hamidian School of Health, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
  • Mulood Mohammadi Bavani Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Farrokh Dabiri Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.
  • Rasool Entezar-Mahdi Director of Health Deputy of West Azerbaijan, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.
  • Ali Reza Chavshin Research Center of Social Determinants of Health, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran AND Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.
Keywords: Arboviruses, Culicidae, Fauna, Larval habitat, Mosquito-borne diseases

Abstract

Background: Several important diseases are transmitted by mosquitoes. Despite of the potential of the occurrence of some mosquito-borne diseases such as West Nile, dirofilariasis and malaria in the region, there is no recent study of mosquitoes in West Azerbaijan Province. The aim of this investigation was to study the fauna, composition and dis- tribution of mosquitoes and the characteristics of their larval habitats in this province.Methods: Larvae and adult collections were carried out from different habitats using the standard methods in twenty five localities of seven counties across West Azerbaijan Province.Results: Overall, 1569 mosquitoes including 1336 larvae and 233 adults were collected from 25 localities. The de- tails of geographical properties were recorded. Five genera along with 12 species were collected and identified in- cluding: Anopheles claviger, An. maculipennis s.l., An. superpictus, Culex pipiens, Cx. theileri, Cx. modestus, Cx. hortensis, Cx. mimeticus, Culiseta Longiareolata, Ochlerotatus caspius s.l., Oc. geniculatus   and Uranotaenia unguiculata. This is the first record of Oc. geniculatus in the province.Conclusion: Due to the geographical location of the West Azerbaijan Province, it comprises different climatic con- dition which provides suitable environment for the establishment of various species of mosquitoes. The solidarity geographical, cultural and territorial exchanges complicate the situation of the province and its vectors as a threat for future and probable epidemics of mosquito-borne diseases.

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How to Cite
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Khoshdel-Nezamiha F, Vatandoost H, Azari-Hamidian S, Bavani MM, Dabiri F, Entezar-Mahdi R, Chavshin AR. Fauna and Larval Habitats of Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) of West Azerbaijan Province, Northwestern Iran. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 8(2):163-173.
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