Bioefficacy of Some Egyptian Aromatic Plants on Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae) Adults and Larvae

  • Elham A El Zayyat Parasitology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain-Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
  • Mohammed I Soliman Research Institute of Medical Entomology, Dokki, Egypt
  • Noha A Elleboudy Parasitology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain-Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
  • Shaimaa E Ofaa Parasitology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain-Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
Keywords: Culex pipiens, Anethum graveolens, Ocimum basilicum, Thymus vulgaris, Insecticides

Abstract

Background: Protecting the environment from chemical hazards of synthetic insecticides along with offering of new breeding areas for vectors by urbanization indicate the trial of natural insecticides.Methods: The acetone extracts of Anethum graveolens, Ocimum basilicum and Thymus vulgaris were tested for their insecticidal effect on Culex pipiens adults and larvae in different concentrations depending on the technique used.Results: The extracts were significantly effective in all models used with basil being the best in all tested three tech­niques (LC50= 0.064) in larval feeding, (LC50= 0.330) in CDC bottle assay and (LC50= 13.148) in adults feeding (P< 0.05).Conclusion: The results recommend the eco-friendly studied extracts as candidates for controlling Cx.  pipiens the lymphatic filariasis vector.

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Published
2017-04-18
How to Cite
1.
Zayyat EAE, Soliman MI, Elleboudy NA, Ofaa SE. Bioefficacy of Some Egyptian Aromatic Plants on Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae) Adults and Larvae. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 11(1):147-155.
Section
Short Communication