Haematophagus Mites in Poultry Farms of Iran

  • S Rahbari Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Iran
  • S Nabian Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Iran
  • H Ronaghi Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Iran
Keywords: Dermanyssus gallinae, Ornithonyssus bursa, Poultry, Iran,

Abstract

Background: Blood sucking mites are important avian ectoparasites which being found on bird species worldwide. Their presence are problematic for the producers either through potential direct effects on weight gain, egg produc­tion, sperm production in roosters or as nuisance pests on worker handle hens and eggs. The aim of this study was pointing out of the status of haematophagus mites.Methods: Eight caged layer and four breeder flocks were visited, monitoring for the presence of chicken mites per­formed by removing and examining debris from poultry house, infested nesting material collected into zip lock plas­tic bags and at least 20 birds were also randomly selected to examine the presence of chicken mites. Mites obtained from each population were mounted in Hoyer,s medium on microscope slides and identified. All eight caged layer and four breeder flocks were inspected, which were infested with chicken blood feeding mites.Results: Massive infestations of Dermanyssus gallinae were common with huge numbers of parasites on birds, cages and the conveyor belts for egg. Only one farm from Mazandaran Province was infested to Ornithonyssus bursa.Conclusion: Dermanyssus gallinae was the most prevalent blood feeder mite in the breeder and caged layer flocks in Iran, while O. bursa was reported as a first record, which found only in a breeder flock in Mazanderan Province. It seems that its presence is limited into the area which affected by both warm and humid environmental conditions.

References

Baker AS (1999) Mites and ticks of domes- tic animals: An identification guide and information source. British Natural His- tory Museum: London.

Bowman DD (1995) Parasitology for veteri- narians (6thedn).W.B. Saunders.

Burtt JrH, Chow W, Babbitt GA (1991) Oc- currence and demography of mites of tree swallow, house wren, and eastern bluebird nests. In: Loye, J.E, Zuk, M. (Editors), Bird- parasite interactions.;104-122, Oxford University Press, Ox- ford.

Darolova A, Hoi H, Schleicher B( 1997) The effect of ectoparasite nest load on the breeding biology of the penduline tit REmiz, Pendulinus. Ibis. 139: 115-120.

Durden LA (1993) Laboratory transmission of equine encephalomyelitis virus to chickens. Medical Entomology. 30: 281-285. Hogsette JA, Butler, JF, Miller WV, Hall D (1991) Ornithonyssus sylviarum (Canestrini and Fanzago) (Acari: Macronyssi- dae) Misc. Publ. Entomol Soc Am. 76:1-62.

Kettle DS (1995) Medical and Veterinary Entomology (2nd edn), CAB Interna- tional.

Lancaster Jl, Meisch, MV (1986) Arthropods in livestock and poultry production. John Wiley and Sone: New York.

Poiani A (1992) Ectoparasitism as a possible cost of social life: a comparative analy- sis using Australian passerines (Passeri- formes), Oecologia. 92: 429-441.

Rafyi A, Alavi Nainy A, Rak H (1966) Les Especes do mites recontres en Iran, Veterinary Faculty Letter. 23: 39-44.

Sonenshine DE (1993) Biology of ticks, (Vol.2). Oxford University Press: England.Valiente Moro, C, Shauve C, Zenner L (2005) Vectorial role of some dermanyssoid mites (Acari, Mesostigmata, Dermanys- soidea, Parasite. 12(2): 99-109.

Walter DE, Proctor, HC (1999) Mites: ecology, evolution and behavior. University of New South Wales Ltd: Sydney.

William A, Phillis HL, Cromroy L, Denmark HA (1976) New Host and Distribution Records for the Mite Genera Dermanyssus, Ornithonyssus and Pellonyssus (Acari: Mesostigmata: Laelapoidea) in Florida, the Florida Entomologist. 59(1):89-92.

Zeman P, Stika V, Skalka B, Bartik M, Dus- babek F, Lavickova M (1982) Poten- tial role of Dermanyssus gallinae (De Geer,1778) in the circulation of the agent of the agent of pullurosis-typhus in hens. Folia Parasit. 29: 371-374.

How to Cite
1.
Rahbari S, Nabian S, Ronaghi H. Haematophagus Mites in Poultry Farms of Iran. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 3(2):18-21.
Section
Articles