Species Diversity and Distributional Pattern of Cockroaches in Lahore, Pakistan

  • Hafsa Memona Department of Zoology, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Farkhanda Manzoor Department of Zoology, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Saffora Riaz Department of Zoology, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Pakistan
Keywords: Diversity, Cockroach, Pakistan, P. americana, B. germanica.

Abstract

Background: Cockroaches are found as the most common urban pests of tropical countries, prompting economic and serious health risk problem for humans by carrying microbes and allergens, acting as vector for various patho­gens of diseases. The present study was conducted from April 2013 to March 2014 in various human dwelling local­ities of urban area of district Lahore, Pakistan.Methods: Cockroaches were collected randomly by hand, food baited and sticky traps throughout the year. Four species of cockroaches (Periplaneta Americana (P. amercana), Blattella germanica (B. germanica), Blatta orientalis (B. orientalis), and Blatta lateralis (B. lateralis) were collected and identified from the study site.Results: B. germanica was the most dominant indoor species with highest diversity indices in study areas. Overall cockroach species diversity was highest in July–September, 2013 with highest Simpson index of diversity and Shan­non index as well. P. americana was found second broadly distributed in the study area followed by B. orientalis and B. lateralis were intermediately distributed in residential areas and narrowly distributed in hospitals. Residential ar­eas and hospitals were highly infested with B. germanica followed by P. americana. Population index of B. ger­manica for hospitals was double than residential areas. B. lateralis was observed as displacing B. orientalis in out­door habitat through competing with its habitat and food sources.Conclusion: The infestation rate of different species depends on availability of food sources, sanitary conditions and climatic conditions. Cockroach infestation can be controlled with knowledge about their biology and behavior, at­tention to sanitation and effective use of commercial insecticides.

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Published
2017-06-13
How to Cite
1.
Memona H, Manzoor F, Riaz S. Species Diversity and Distributional Pattern of Cockroaches in Lahore, Pakistan. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 11(2):249-259.
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