Composition of Anopheles Species Collected from Selected Malarious Areas of Afghanistan and Iran

  • Helen Hoosh-Deghati Department of Parasitology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IranMalaria and Vector Research Group, Biotechnology Research Center, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran
  • Navid Dinparast-Djadid Malaria and Vector Research Group, Biotechnology Research Center, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran
  • Vahideh Moin-Vaziri Department of Parasitology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Hoda Atta Malaria Control, Word Health Organization/Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office, Cairo, Egypt
  • Abbas Ali Raz Malaria and Vector Research Group, Biotechnology Research Center, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran
  • Seyyed Javad Seyyed-Tabaei Department of Parasitology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Naseh Maleki-Ravasan Malaria and Vector Research Group, Biotechnology Research Center, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran
  • Hamzeh Alipour Malaria and Vector Research Group, Biotechnology Research Center, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran
  • Sedigheh Zakeri Malaria and Vector Research Group, Biotechnology Research Center, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran
  • Eznollah Azar-Gashb Department of Parasitology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Keywords: Anopheles, Morphological identification, Afghanistan, Iran

Abstract

Background: Malarious areas in Iran are close to Afghanistan and Pakistan that urge the researchers to extend their knowledge on malaria epidemiology to the neighboring countries as well. Vectorial capacity differs at species or even at population level, the first essential step is accurate identification of vectors. This study aimed to identify Anopheles species composition in selected malarious areas of Afghanistan and Iran, providing further applied data for other research in two countries.Methods: Adults Anopheles spp. were collected from four provinces in Afghanistan (Badakhshan, Herat, Kunduz, Nangarhar) by pyrethrum spray catch, hand collection methods through WHO/EMRO coordination and from Chaba­har County in Iran by pyrethrum spray catch method. Identification was performed using reliable identification key.Results: Totally, 800 female Anopheles mosquitos, 400 from each country were identified at species level. Anophe­les composition in Afghanistan was An. superpictus, An. stephensi and An. hyrcanus. Most prevalent species in Ba­dakhshan and Kunduz were An. superpictus, whereas An. stephensi and An. hyrcanus were respectively found in Nangarhar and Heart. Anopheles species in Chabahar County of Iran were An. stephensi, An. fluviatilis, An. culicifa­cies and An. sergentii. The most prevalent species was An. stephensi.Conclusion: Current study provides a basis for future research such as detection of Plasmodium infection in col­lected samples which is on process by the authors, also for effective implementation of evidence-based malaria vec­tor intervention strategies.

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Published
2017-10-08
How to Cite
1.
Hoosh-Deghati H, Dinparast-Djadid N, Moin-Vaziri V, Atta H, Raz AA, Seyyed-Tabaei SJ, Maleki-Ravasan N, Alipour H, Zakeri S, Azar-Gashb E. Composition of Anopheles Species Collected from Selected Malarious Areas of Afghanistan and Iran. jad. 11(3):354-62.
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Original Article