Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases 2010. 4(2):35-41.

Mosquito Vector Biting and Community Protection in a Malarious Area, Siahoo District, Hormozgan, Iran
KH Shahandeh, HR Basseri, A Pakari, A Riazi

Abstract


Background: Use of bed-net continues to offer potential strategy for malaria prevention in endemic areas. Local communi­ties are indispensable during design and implementation stages.
Methods: A cross-sectional study of 192 randomly selected inhabitants was carried out in malarious zone, Siahoo dire­strict, Hormozgan Province, southern Iran. In addition, we monitored human landing periodicity of main malaria vec­tors and as well as self-protection of inhabitant in the study area for a period of one transmission season between April to October 2006.
Results: The biting activities were seen throughout the whole night for three malaria vectors, Anopheles fluviatilis, An. stephensi and An. Dthali, and  An. fluviatilis exhibiting bimodal peaks, the first at midnight (0:00-1:00) and the other before dawn (5:00−6:00 am) but the maximum biting activity of An. stephensi was occurred at second quarter of night (11:00-12:00 pm). The majority of interviewers (83.3%) knew that malaria was transmitted by mosquitoes and 70.3% of them stated that bed-net is the best control measures. Most subjects (62%) did not have a mosquito net.
Conclusion: Study subjects were aware of an association between mosquito bite and malaria transmission. Health work­ers at different levels of the health care delivery system should disseminate relevant information about self-protection to help community members to be involved more in malaria control.


Keywords


Malaria, Community Protection, Mosquito Bite, Iran ,

Full Text:

PDF

References


Banguero H (1984) Socio economic factors associated with malaria in Colombia. Soc Sci Med. 19: 1099–1104.

Basseri HR, Doosti S, Akbarzadeh K, Nateghpour N, Whitten MMA, Ladoni H (2008) Competency of Anopheles ste- phensi mysorensis strain for Plasmo- dium vivax and the role of inhibitory carbohydrates to block its sporogonic cycle. Malar J. 7: 131.

Basseri HR, Moosakazemi S, Yosafi M, Mohebali M, Hajaran H (2005) An- thropophily of malaria vectors in Kah- nouj District, South of Kerman, Iran. Iran J Public Health. 34: 27–37.

Binka FN, Indome F, Smith T (1998) Impact of spatial distribution of permethrin- impregnated bed nets on child mortal- ity in rural northern Ghana. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 59(1): 80–85.

Chaves LF, Harrington LC, Keogh CL, Nguyen AM, Kitron EU (2010) Blood feeding patterns of mosquitoes: random or structured? Frontiers in Zoology, 7:3, Available at:http://www.frontiersinzoology.com/content/7/1/ 3.

Djadid ND, Forouzesh F, Karimi M, Raeisi A, Hassan-Zehi A, Zakeri S (2007) Monitoring pyrethroid insecticide resis- tance in major malaria vector Anopheles culicifacies: comparison of molecular tools and conventional susceptibility test. Iran Biomed J. 11(3): 169–176.

Edrissian GH, Afshar A, Sayedzadeh A, Mohsseni G, Satvat MT (1993) Assess- ment of the response in vivo and in vitro of Plasmodium falciparum to sulphadox- ine-pyrimethamine in the malarious areas

of Iran. J Trop Med Hyg. 96: 237–240. Edalat H (1998) Ecology of Anopheles fluviatilis, the main malaria in southern Iran and its role in the epidemiology of ma- laria during 1997-1998.

PhD thesis, School of Public Health. Tehran Univer- sity of Medical Sciences.Edrissian Gh (2006) Malaria in Iran: Past and Present Situation. Iran J Parasitol:1 (1): 1–14.

Manouchehri AV, Javadian E, Eshighy N, Motabar M (1976) Ecology of Anophe- les stephensi Liston in southern Iran. Trop Geog Med.28: 228–232.

Masoumi-Asl H, Motabar M, Zamani Gh, Naserinejad D, Vatandoost H (2003) A Case-Control Study of Determinative Factors on malaria Morbidity in Minab, Jask and Roodan Counties, in Hor- mozgan Province, Southern Iran, 2001. Iran J Public Health. 32(3): 14–18.

Nanda N, Yadav RS, Subbarao SK, Joshi H, Sharma VP (2000) Studies on Anophe- les fluviatilis and Anopheles culicifacies sibling species in relation to malaria in forested hilly and deforested riverine eco- systems in northern Orissa, India. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 16: 199–205.

Raeisi A (2006) Malaria Elimination in Iran, progress achievements and Challenges.6th Meeting of National Malaria Pro- gramme Managers. Cairo, Egypt, 3–6 July

Service MW (1976) Mosquito Ecology: Field Sampling Methods. John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Singh N, Singh MP, Saxena A, Sharma VP, Kalra NL (1998) Knowledge, attitude, beliefs and practices (KABP) study re- lated to malaria and intervention strate- gies in ethnic tribals of Mandla (Madhya Pradesh). Curr Sci. 75: 1386–1390.

Smart J (2003) A Handbook for the Iden- tification of Insects of Medical Impor- tance. 2nd Edition, Biotech Books, New Delhi, India.

Stephens C (1995) Knowledge of mosquitoes in relation to public and domestic con- trol activities in the cities of Dar es Sa- laam and Tanga. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 73(1): 97–104.

Takken W (2002) Do insecticide-treated bednets have an effect on malaria vectors? Trop Med Int Health, 7(12):1022–1030

Vatandoost H, Oshaghi MA, Abaie MR, Shahi M, Yaaghoobi F, Baghaii M, Hanafi- Bojd AA, Zamani G, Townson H (2006) Bionomics of Anopheles stephensi Liston in the malarious area of Hormozgan prov- ince, southern Iran 2002. Acta Trop. 97(2):196–203.

Yadav SP, Tyagi BK, Ramanath T (1999)Knowledge, attitude and practice to- wards malaria in rural communities of the epidemic prone Thar desert, north- western India. J Com Dis. 3(2): 127–136.

World Health Organization (1992) Entomological field techniques for malaria con- trol, part I and II learner and Tutor’s UIDC, Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.

Zaim M, Subbarao SK, Manouchehri AV, Cochrane AH (1993) Role of Anophe- les culicifacies s.l. and An. pulcherri- mus in malaria transmission in Ghass- reghand (Baluchistan), Iran. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 9(1): 23–26.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.