Faunistic Study of the Rodents of North Khorasan Province, North East of Iran, 2011–2013

  • Kourosh Arzamani Vector-borne Diseases Research Center, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran
  • Zeinolabedin Mohammadi Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
  • Mohammad Reza Shirzadi Zoonoses Control Department, Ministry of Health, Tehran, Iran
  • Seyed Mohammad Alavinia Vector-borne Diseases Research Center, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnurd, Iran
  • Behruz Jafari Environmental Office of North Khorasan Province, Bojnurd, Iran
  • Jamshid Darvish Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran Rodentology Research Department, Applied Animal Institute, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
Keywords: Fauna, Rodents, Biodiversity, Iran

Abstract

Background: Rodents are one of the most important hosts for some zoonotic diseases and also act as a reservoir of some ectoparasites and endoparasites. They cause damage to the farms and inflict public health. The aim of this study was to investigate the faunal composition of rodent in North Khorasan Province, Northeast of Iran.Methods: The sampling was carried out between 2011 to 2013. The specimens were collected using different methods including rodent death and live traps, digging of their burrow, and hand net from 75 different sample sites.Results: The total number of 396 specimens belonging to 22 species and six families were identified. The results illustrated the high numbers and densities of Meriones persicus (17.68%), Meriones libycus (15.15%), Nesokia indica (7.32%) and Rhombomys opimus (6.82%), as the most important reservoirs for different zoonotic diseases. Moreover, significant number of other rodent species including Mus musculus (15.66%), Apodemus witherbyi (13.89%), A. hyrcanicus (0.25%), Rattus norvegicus (1.01%), Meriones crassus (0.25%), Gerbillus nanus (0.51%), Microtus paradoxus (2.27%), M. transcaspicus (0.76%), Ellobius fuscocapillus (0.25%), Cricetulus migratorius (4.29%), Calomyscus elburzensis (4.29%), C. mystax (1.26%), Spermophilus fulvus (0.25%), Dryomys nitedula (3.54%), Allactaga elater (3.54%), Jaculus blanfordi (0.25%), Meriones zarudnyi (0.25%), M. meridianus (0.51%), and Hystrix indica as hosts for parasites and zoonotic diseases were identified.Conclusion: The high biodiversity including at least 22 species and six families of rodents were found in North Khorasan Province, some of them were medically important species.

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Published
2018-06-13
How to Cite
1.
Arzamani K, Mohammadi Z, Shirzadi MR, Alavinia SM, Jafari B, Darvish J. Faunistic Study of the Rodents of North Khorasan Province, North East of Iran, 2011–2013. jad. 12(2):127-34.
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Original Article