Lived Experiences of Patients Suffering from Acute Old World Cutaneous Leishmaniasis: a Qualitative Content Analysis Study from Iran

  • Alireza Khatami Center for Research and Training in Skin Diseases and Leprosy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine/Epidemiology and Global Health, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden
  • Maria Emmelin Department of Clinical Sciences, Social Medicine and Global Health, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden
  • Rezvan Talaee Department of Dermatology, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
  • Akram Miramin-Mohammadi Center for Research and Training in Skin Diseases and Leprosy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Nessa Aghazadeh Department of Dermatology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Alireza Firooz Center for Research and Training in Skin Diseases and Leprosy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Berndt Stenberg Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine/Epidemiology and Global Health, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine/Dermatology and Venereology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden
Keywords: Cutaneous leishmaniasis, Qualitative research, Quality of life


Background: The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of patients who suffer from acute cutaneous leishmaniasis in Iran, focusing on quality of life.Methods: The study was conducted at two different sites in Iran in 2010–2011. Individual in-depth interviews were conducted with six men and six women parasitologically confirmed acute cutaneous leishmaniasis. Interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim, and translated into English. Qualitative content analysis was used for data analysis.Results: The participants, aged 23 to 63yr, had mild to severe disease. Based on the analysis four main themes were developed. "Fearing an agonizing disease" reflects patients' experiences of disease development resulting in sadness and depression, "struggling to cope" and "taking on the blame" both illustrate how patients experience living with the disease, which included both felt and enacted stigma as major social concerns. "Longing for being seen and heard" refers to patients' experiences with healthcare as well as their expectations and demands from communities and healthcare to be involved in closing the knowledge and awareness gap.Conclusion: Mental and social dimensions of cutaneous leishmaniasis were complex and adversely affected patients' lives by causing psychological burden and limiting their social interactions. Health authorities have to plan programs to increase the disease awareness to prevent the existing stigma to improve patients' social condition and medical care.


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How to Cite
Khatami A, Emmelin M, Talaee R, Miramin-Mohammadi A, Aghazadeh N, Firooz A, Stenberg B. Lived Experiences of Patients Suffering from Acute Old World Cutaneous Leishmaniasis: a Qualitative Content Analysis Study from Iran. jad. 12(2):180-95.
Original Article