Study on the Fauna of Aquatic Insects in Northwestern Iran

  • Madineh Abbasi Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Department of Communicable diseases, Vice Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
  • Sara Doosti Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, Medical School, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
  • Hassan Vatandoost Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Department of Environmental Chemical Pollutants and Pesticides, Institute for Environmental Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Nasibeh Hosseini-Vasoukolaei Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, Health Science Research Center, Faculty of Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
Keywords:
Aquatic insects; Fauna; Azerbaijan; Iran

Abstract

Background: Aquatic insects include groups of arthropods which at least one step of their life happens in water. Some of these insects play an important role in the transmission of various diseases to human and animals. Because there is a lit­tle information about the fauna of aquatic insects in Iran, this study was aimed to collect and identify aquatic insects in northwestern Iran.Methods: A descriptive cross sectional study was performed in July 2017 in Rivers of three villages of Osku County of East Azerbaijan Province, northwestern Iran. The specimens were collected using different methods including D frame net-collector, standard mosquito dipper, Sweep Netting and plastic pipette. The collected specimens were identified based on the systematic keys of aquatic insects.Results: Totally 285 samples were collected. Four orders including Diptera, Hemiptera, Ephemeroptera and Coleoptera were identified. Collected samples belonged to seven families of Tipulidae, Chironomidae, Corixidae, Culicidae, Hy­dro­philidae, Baetidae and Dytiscidae. The most predominant family was Culicidae belonging to order Diptera. Culiseta longiareo­lata was the most frequent species collected in the study area.Conclusion: Aquatic insects usually play an important role in the food chain of animals and some species of them act as predators and play an important role in the biological control of vectors. Therefore, more studies are required to carry out in the field of aquatic insects.

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Published
2019-08-03
How to Cite
1.
Abbasi M, Doosti S, Vatandoost H, Hosseini-Vasoukolaei N. Study on the Fauna of Aquatic Insects in Northwestern Iran. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 14(1):1–7.
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Original Article