Relationship between Some Environmental and Climatic Factors on Outbreak of Whiteflies, the Human Annoying Insects

  • Abedin Saghafipour Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
  • Alireza Zahraei-Ramazani Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Hassan Vatandoost Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Department of Environmental Chemical Pollutants and Pesticides, Institute for Environmental Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Amin Asadollahi Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Reza Fouladi-Fard Research Center for Environmental Pollutants, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
  • Amir Hamta 5Clinical Research Development Center (CRDU), Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
  • Ali Hasanwand Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Change point analysis; Climatic factors; Environmental change; Outbreak; Tehran


Background: The reports of numerous outbreaks of whiteflies from different parts of the world have increased its medical importance. The aim of this study was to determine relationship between environmental changes and climatic factors with the outbreak of the whitefly population in Tehran, the capital of Iran.Methods: This study was carried out in urban areas of Tehran, where the increasing population of whiteflies was re­ported frequently during 2018. In order to entrap the whiteflies, 20 yellow sticky cards smeared with white refined grease were installed on the trunks of the trees at twice per month as trapping time intervals. The captured flies were transferred and conserved in cans containing 70% alcohol and were counted accurately under a stereomicroscope. To determine the relationship between air quality index, precipitation, air temperature and air humidity as environmental and climatic factors with the abundance of whiteflies, change point analysis and Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE) was used.Results: The most density of white flies per trap was 256.6 and 155.6 in early October and late September respectively. The number moved closer to zero from November to April. The population of whiteflies was inversely correlated with the level of air quality index (p= 0.99) and precipitation (p= 0.95), and it had a direct correlation with the high temper­ature. Also, the population of whiteflies had a direct correlation with the level of air humidity in the first half of the yearConclusion: According to these findings, during spring and summer from early May to early October.


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How to Cite
Saghafipour A, Zahraei-Ramazani A, Vatandoost H, Asadollahi A, Fouladi-Fard R, Hamta A, Hasanwand A. Relationship between Some Environmental and Climatic Factors on Outbreak of Whiteflies, the Human Annoying Insects. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 14(1):78–87.
Original Article