An Inventory of the Sand Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) of Rudbar County, a New Focus of Leishmaniasis in Northern Iran, with a Taxonomic Note on the Subgenus Larroussius

  • Behzad Norouzi Research Center of Health and Environment, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
  • Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Vahideh Moin-Vaziri Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Ayoob Noorallahi Department of Disease Control and Prevention, Health Vice-Chancellorship, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
  • Shahyad Azari-Hamidian Mail Department of Health Education, Research Center of Health and Environment, School of Health, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
Keywords:
Phlebotomus, Sergentomyia, Visceral leishmaniasis, Cutaneous leishmaniasis, Sand fly fever

Abstract

Background: Different forms of leishmaniasis are significant infectious diseases in Iran. While, Rudbar County of Gui­lan Province has been introduced as a new cutaneous leishmaniasis focus, there are few published data about the phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) of the province.Methods: To study the phlebotomine fauna of Rudbar County, the sampling was performed in 12 collection sites by light traps, sticky traps and manual aspirators throughout August–December 2015. Sand flies were removed from the sticky traps, rinsed in acetone and stored in 80% ethanol along with the collections of light traps and hand catch­es.Results: In total, 2186 sand flies were collected and ten species representing two genera were morphologically identi­fied: Phlebotomus (Adlerius) halepensis (0.27%), Ph. (Larroussius) kandeladii (0.10%), Ph. (Lar.) neglectus (0.91%), Ph. (Lar.) perfiliewi (53.88%), Ph. (Lar.) tobbi (43.45%), Ph. (Paraphlebotomus) sergenti (0.82%), Ph. (Phlebotomus) papatasi (0.10%), Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia) baghdadis (0.27%), Se. (Sintonius) clydei (0.05%), Se. (Sin.) tiberiadis (0.10%). The species Ph. halepensis, Ph. neglectus, Ph. perfiliewi, Se. baghdadis, Se. clydei and Se. tiberiadis were reported for the first time in Guilan Province. This study also verified the presence of Ph. neglec­tus (Ph. major krimen­sis as a synonym and morphotype) in Iran. Moreover, the taxonomy of the subgenus Larrous­sius of the province was discussed.Conclusion: The prevalence of suspected or proven cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis vectors is noteworthy. The study of ecology of sand flies and detecting the exact vectors of leishmaniasis and phlebotomine fever by molecular specific tests in Guilan Province are recommended.

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Published
2020-10-07
How to Cite
1.
Norouzi B, Hanafi-Bojd AA, Moin-Vaziri V, Noorallahi A, Azari-Hamidian S. An Inventory of the Sand Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) of Rudbar County, a New Focus of Leishmaniasis in Northern Iran, with a Taxonomic Note on the Subgenus Larroussius. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 14(3):302–316.
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Short Communication