Original Article

Detection of the Invasive Mosquito Species Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti and Aedes (Hulecoeteomyia) koreicus on the Southern Coast of the Crimean Peninsula


Background: The incidence and area of arbovirus infections is increasing around the world. It is largely linked to the spread of the main arbovirus vectors, invasive mosquito of the genus Aedes. Previously, it has been reported that Aedes aegypti reemerged in Russia after a 50-year absence. Moreover, in 2011, Ae. albopictus was registered in the city of Sochi (South Russia, Black Sea coast) for the first time. In 2013, Asian Ae. koreicus was found in Sochi for the first time.Methods: Mosquitoes were collected using the following methods: larvae with a dip net, imago on volunteers and using bait traps. The mosquitoes were identified using both morphology and sequencing of the second internal transcribed spacer of the nuclear ribosomal RNA gene cluster.Results: In August 2016, Ae. koreicus larvae and imago and a single male of Ae. aegypti were found on the southern coast of the Crimean Peninsula, where they were not registered before. Newly obtained DNA sequences were registered in GenBank with the accession numbers MF072936 and MF072937.Conclusion: Detection of invasive mosquito species (Ae. aegypti and Ae. koreicus) implies the possibility of their area expansion. Intensive surveillance is required at the Crimean Peninsula to evaluate the potential for the introduction of vector-borne diseases.
1. Ganushkina LA, Tanygina EYu, Bezzhonova OV, Sergiev VP (2012) Detection of Aedes Stegomyia) albopictus Skuse Mosquitoes in the Russian Federation. Med Parazitol (Mosk). 1: 3–4.
2. Ganushkina LA, Bezzhonova OV, Patraman IV Tanygina EIu, Sergiev VP (2013) Distribution of Aedes Stegomyia aegypti and Aedes Stegomyia albopictus Skuse mosquitos on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus. Med Parazitol (Mosk). 1: 45–46.
3. Bezzhonova OV, Patraman IV, Ganush-kina LA, Vishmirskii OI, Sergiev VP (2014) The first finding of the invasive species Aedes (Finlaya) koreicus Edwards, 1917 in European Russia. Med Parazitol (Mosk). 1: 16–19.
4. Ganushkina LA, Patraman IV, Rezza G, Migliorini L, Litvinov SK, Sergiev VP (2016) Detection of Aedes aegypti, Ae-des albopictus, and Aedes koreicus in the Area of Sochi, Russia. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 1: 58–60.
5. Razumeiko VN, Ivashov AV, Oberemok VV (2010) Seasonal activity and dy-namics of density of blood-sucking mos¬quitoes (Diptera, Culicidae) in the reser¬voirs of the south coast of Crimea. Sci¬entific notes of V. I. Vernadsky Taurida National University Series "Biology, Chem¬istry". 23(3): 114–128.
6. Akiner MM, Demirci B, Babuadze G, Rob-ert V, Schaffner F (2016) Spread of the Invasive Mosquitoes Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in the Black Sea Re-gion Increases Risk of Chikungunya, Den¬gue and Zika Outbreaks in Europe. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 10(4): e0004664.
7. Gutsevich AV, Monchadskii AS, Shtakel-berg AA (1970) Fauna of the USSR. Diptera. Mosquitoes. Vol. 3(4). Nauka, Leningrad.
8. Porter CH, Collins FH (1991) Species-diagnostic differences inaribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer from the sib¬ling species Anopheles freeborni and Anopheles hermsi Diptera: Culicidae. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 45(2): 271–279.
9. Kovalenko IS, Tikhonov SN (2019) Re-cording of Aedes koreicus (Edwards, 1917) (Diptera, Culicidae) in the terri-tory of Crimea. Entmol. Rev. 99: 388–392.
10. Fedorova MV, Ryabova TE, Shaposhni-kova LI, Lopatina YuV, Sebenzova AN, Yunicheva YuV (2017) Invasive species of mosquitoes on the territory of Sochi: larval development place sand counting methods. Med Parazitol (Mosk). 4: 3–9.
11. Deblauwe I, Sohier C, Schaffner F, Rakotoarivony LM (2014) Implementation of surveillance of invasive mosquitoes in Belgium according to the ecdc guide-lines. Parasit Vectors. 7: 201.
12. Capelli G, Drago A, Martini S, Montarsi F, Soppelsa M, Delai N, Ravagnan S, Mazzon L, Schaffner F, Mathis A, Luca MD, Romi R, Russo F (2011) First re-port in Italy of the exotic mosquito spe-cies Aedes (Finlaya) koreicus, a poten-tial vector of arboviruses and filariae. Parasit Vectors. 4: 188.
13. Montarsi F, Martini S, Pont M D, Delai N, Milone NF, Mazzucato M, Soppelsa F, Cazzola L, Cazzin S, Ravagnan S, Ciocchetta S, Russo F, Capelli G (2013) Distribution and habitat characterization of the recently introduced invasive mos-quito Aedes koreicus [Hulecoeteomyia ko¬reica], a new potential vector and pest in North-Eastern Italy. Parasit Vectors. 6: 292.
14. Suter T, Flacio E, Fariña BF, Engeler L, Tonolla M, Müller P (2015) First report of the invasive mosquito species Aedes koreicus in the Swiss-Italian border re-gion. Parasit Vectors. 308: 402.
15. Marcantonio M, Metz M, Baldacchino F, Arnoldi D, Montarsi F, Capelli G, Car-lin S, Neteler M, Rizzoli A (2016) First assessment of potential distribution and dispersal capacity of the emerging inva-sive mosquito Aedes koreicus in North-east Italy. Parasit Vectors. 9: 63.
16. Kurucz K, Kiss V, Zana B, Schmieder V, Kepner A, Jakab F, Kemenesi G (2016) Emergence of Aedes koreicus Diptera: Culicidae) in an urban area, Hungary, 2016. Parasitol Res. 115(12): 4687–4689.
17. Kalan K, Šušnjar J, Ivović V, Buzan E (2017) First record of Aedes koreicus Diptera, Culicidae in Slovenia. Parasitol Res. 116(8): 2355–2358.
18. Werner D, Zielke DE, Kampen H (2016) First record of Aedes koreicus Diptera: Culicidae in Germany. Parasitol Res. 115(3): 1331–1334.
19. Schneider J, Valentini A, Dejean T, Mon-tarsi F, Taberlet P, Glaizot O, Fumagalli L (2016) Detection of invasive mosqui-to vectors using environmental DNA (eDNA) from Water Samples. PLoS One. 11(9): e0162493.
20. Dallimore T, Hunter Т, Medlock JM, Vaux AG, Harbach RE, Strode C (2017) Dis¬covery of a single male Aedes aegypti (L.) in Merseyside, England. Parasit Vec¬tors. 10(1): 309.
21. Kotsakiozi P, Gloria-Soria A, Schaffner F, Robert V, Powell JR (2018) Aedes ae¬gypti in the Black Sea: recent introduc¬tion or ancient remnant? Parasit Vectors. 11(1): 396.
22. Ganushkina LA, Morozovа LF, Patraman IV, Sergiev VP (2014) Assessment of the risk expansion of the habitans of the mos¬quitos Aedes aegypti L. and Aedes al¬bopictus Scuse in Russia. Med Parazitol (Mosk). 4: 8–11.
IssueVol 14 No 3 (2020) QRcode
SectionOriginal Article
DOI https://doi.org/10.18502/jad.v14i3.4560
Mosquito monitoring Arbovirus vectors Aedes aegypti Aedes koreicus DNA

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
How to Cite
Ganushkina L, Lukashev A, Patraman I, Razumeyko V, ShaikevichЕ. Detection of the Invasive Mosquito Species Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti and Aedes (Hulecoeteomyia) koreicus on the Southern Coast of the Crimean Peninsula. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 14(3):270–276.