Original Article

Ecology of Malaria Vectors in an Endemic Area, Southeast of Iran

Abstract

Background: Malaria has long been regarded as one of the most important public health issues in Iran. Although the country is now in the elimination phase, some endemic foci of malaria are still present in the southeastern areas of the country. In some endemic foci, there are no data on the malaria vectors. To fill this gap, the present study was designed to provide basic entomological data on malaria vectors in the southeastern areas of Iran.Methods: Adult and larval stages of Anopheles mosquitoes were collected by using different catch methods. Resistance of the main malaria vector in the study area to selected insecticides was evaluated using diagnostic doses advised by the World Health Organization in 2013–2014.Results: A total of 3288 larvae and 1055 adult Anopheles mosquitoes were collected, and identified as: Anopheles ste­phensi (32.1%), Anopheles culicifacies s.l. (23.4%), Anopheles dthali (23.2%), Anopheles superpictus s.l. (12.7%), and Anopheles fluviatilis s.l. (8.6%). Anopheles stephensi was the most predominant mosquito species collected indoors at the study area, with two peaks of activity in May and November. This species was found to be resistant to DDT 4%, tolerant to malathion 5% and susceptible to other tested insecticides.Conclusion: All the five malaria vectors endemic to the south of Iran were collected and identified in the study area. Our findings on the ecology and resting/feeding habitats of these malaria vectors provide information useful for plan­ning vector control program in this malarious area.
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IssueVol 14 No 4 (2020) QRcode
SectionOriginal Article
Published2021-01-03
DOI https://doi.org/10.18502/jad.v14i4.5270
Keywords
Malaria; Anopheles; Malaria vectors; Bio-ecology; Iran

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Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
How to Cite
1.
Edalat H, Mahmoudi M, Sedaghat MM, Moosa-Kazemi SH, Kheirandish S. Ecology of Malaria Vectors in an Endemic Area, Southeast of Iran. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 2021;14(4):325–343.