Level of Pyrethroid-resistance Associated with Cytochrome P450 Expression in German Cockroach Blattella germanica (Blattodea: Ectobiidae) in the Field Collected Strains
AbstractBackground: Cytochrome P450-dependent monooxygenases are a very important metabolic system involve in insecticide resistance. This study was conducted to find the association between the expression level of cytochrome P450 (CYP450) and permethrin-resistance level among four strains of the German cockroach Blattella germanica (L) (Blattodea: Ectobiidae).Methods: Three field strains of German cockroach with different frequency of exposure to pesticides, and a laboratory susceptible strain were used in the present study. Insecticide susceptibility bioassays were carried out to detect resistance to permethrin. The concentration of CYP450 in each strain was determined using ion-exchange HPLC chromatography. Biochemical assays was performed to analyse CYP450 activities.Results: The resistance ratios (RR) to permethrin among three field strains were 3.29, 4.10 and 6.17-fold comping with the susceptible stain. The CYP450 activity of three field strains was 1.6, 2.4 and 2.7 times higher than in the susceptible stain. The amount of CYP450 per mg of protein was significantly different between the susceptible and the three resistant strains. The resistant cockroaches showed a relatively high expression of CYP450 enzymes. A strong correlation was found between permethrin resistance level and total concentration of CYP450 enzymes.Conclusion: The results of current study show that more frequent usage of a pyrethroid insecticide cause the metabolic insecticide resistance to rise in German cockroach. Therefore, there is a ratio correlation between resistance level and monooxygenases activities in insect. Thus, the control program must be managed according to history of pesticide usage.
|Issue||Vol 15 No 2 (2021)|
|Cytochrome P450; German cockroach; Insecticide resistance; Permethrin|
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|This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.|
How to Cite
Ghaderi A, Baniardalani M, Basseri HR. Level of Pyrethroid-resistance Associated with Cytochrome P450 Expression in German Cockroach Blattella germanica (Blattodea: Ectobiidae) in the Field Collected Strains. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 2021;15(2):152-161.