Short Communication

Odonate Nymphs: Generalist Predators and their Potential in the Management of Dengue Mosquito, Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae)


Background: Dengue is amongst the most serious mosquito-borne infectious disease with hot spots in tropical and subtropical parts of the world. Unfortunately, no licensed vaccine for the disease is currently available in medicine markets. The only option available is the management of dengue vector mosquito, Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae).
Predatory potential of five odonate nymphs namely Anax parthenope, Bradinopyga geminate, Ischnura forcipata, Rhinocypha quadrimaculata, and Orthetrum sabina were evaluated against the 4th instar larvae of the den­gue vector mosquito, Aedes aegypti, under laboratory conditions. The consumption of the mosquito larvae was eval­uated at three water volume levels viz., 1 liter, 2 liter and 3 liter.
The number of Ae. aegypti larvae consumed varied significantly among the five species, and at different levels of water volume (P< 0.01). However, the interaction between odonate nymphs and the water volumes was statistically non-significant (P> 0.05). Ischnura forcipata consumed the highest number of Ae. aegypti larvae (n=56) followed by A. parthenope (n=47) and B. geminate (n=46). The number of larvae consumed was decreased with in­creasing search area or water volume, and the highest predation was observed at 1-liter water volume.
The odonate nymphs could be a good source of biological agents for the management of the mosquitoes at larval stages. 

Aditya G, Bhattacharyya S, Kundu N, SahaGK, Raut SK (2004) Predatory effi-ciency of the water bug Sphaerodema annulatum on mosquito larvae (Culex quinquefasciatus) and its effect on the adult emergence. Biores Technol. 95:169–172.

Analytical Software, Statistix version 8.1: User's manual. Analytical Software, Tallahassee, Florida, 2005.

Anjum SA (1997) Biosystematics of Odonata naiads of the Punjab by rearing tech- nique. [M.Sc. thesis]. University of Ag- riculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Bhattacharjee I, Aditya G, Chandra G (2009) Laboratory and field assessment of the potential of larvivorous, air-breathing fishes as predators of culicine mosqui- toes. Biol Control. 49: 126–133.

Bilal H, Akram W, Khan HAA, Hassan SA, Khan IA (2012) Toxicity of selected indigenous plant extracts against Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae). A po- tential dengue vector in dengue posi- tive areas. Pak J Zool. 43: 371–375.

Corbet PS (1980) Biology of odonata. Annu Rev Entomol. 25: 189–218.

Fraser FC (1933) Fauna of British India in- cluding Ceylon and Burma, vol. 1–3. Odonata Taylor and Francis, London.

Futami K, Sonye G, Akweywa P, Kaneko S, Minakawa N (2008) Diving behavior in Anopheles gambiae (Diptera: Culi- cidae): avoidance of a predacious wolf spider (Araneae: Lycosidae) in relation to life stage and water depth. J Med Entomol. 45:1050–1056.

Ghosh A, Mondal S, Bhattacharjee I, Chandra G (2005) Biological control of vector mosquitoes by some common exotic fish predators. Turk J Biol. 29: 167–171.

Ghosh A, Bhattacharjee I, Chandra G (2006) Biocontrol efficacy by Oreochromis niloticus niloticus. J Appl Zool Res.17: 114–116.

Jeffery JAL, Clements ACA, Nguyen YT, Nguyen LH, Tran SH, Le NT, Vu NS, Ryan PA, Kay PH (2012) Water Level Flux in Household Containers in Vi- etnam-A Key Determinant of Aedes aegypti Population Dynamics. PLoS ONE. 7: e39067.

Khan HAA, Akram W, Shehzad K, Shaalan EAS (2011) First report of field evolved resistance to agrochemicals in dengue mosquito, Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae), from Pakistan. Parasit Vec- tors. 4: 146.

Khan HAA, Sayyed AH, Akram W, Raza S, Ali M (2012) Predatory potential of Chrysoperla carnea and Cryptolaemus montrouzieri larvae on different stages of the mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis: A threat to cotton in South Asia. J Insect Sci. 12: 127.

Khan HAA, Akram W (2013) Citrus-based essential oils could be used for dengue vector mosquitoes control. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 6: 504.

Khan HAA, Shad SA, Akram W (2013) Re- sistance to new chemical insecticides in the house fly, Musca domestica L., from dairies in Punjab, Pakistan. Parasitol Res. 112: 2049–2054.

Kovendan K, Murugan K, Vincent S (2012) Evaluation of larvicidal activity of Acalypha alnifolia Klein ex Willd. (Euphorbiaceae) leaf extract against the malarial vector, Anopheles stephensi, dengue vector, Aedes aegypti and Bancroftian filariasis vector, Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae). Parasitol Res. 110: 571–581.

Kweka EJ, Zhou G, Gilbreath TM, Afrane Y, Nyindo M, Githeko AK, Yan G (2011) Predation efficiency of Anoph- eles gambiae larvae by aquatic preda- tors in western Kenya highlands. Parasit Vect. 4: 128.

Mandal SK, Ghosh A, Bhattacharjee I, Chandra G (2008) Biocontrol efficiency of odonate nymphs against larvae of the mosquito, Culex quinqu-efasciatus Say, 1823. Acta Trop. 106: 109–114.

Marten GG, Reid JW (2007) Cyclopoid co- pepods. J Am Mosq Control Assoc.23: 65–92.

Nesemann H, Shah RDT, Shah DN (2011) Key to the larval stages of common Odonata of Hindu Kush Himalaya, with short notes on habitats and ecol- ogy. J Threat Taxa 3: 2045–2060.

Ohba SY, Kawada H, Dida GO, Juma D, Sonye G, Minakawa N, MT (2010) Predators of Anopheles gambiae sensu lato (Diptera: Culicidae) larvae in wetlands, western Kenya: confirmation by polymerase chain reaction method. J Med Entomol. 47: 783–787.

Rathore HR, Nadeem G, Khan IA (2013) Pesticide susceptibility status of Ano- pheles mosquitoes in four flood-af- fected districts of South Punjab, Pa- kistan. Vect Borne Zoonotic Dis. 13:60–66.

Rodriguez-Castro VA, Quiroz-Martinez H, Solis-Rojas H, Tejada LO (2006) Mass rearing and egg release of Buenoa scimitra Bare as biocontrol of larval Culex quinquefasciatus. J Am Mosq Contr Assoc. 22: 123–125.

Saha, N, Aditya G, Bal A, Saha GK (2008) Influence of light and habitat on predation of Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) larvae by the waterbugs (Hemiptera: Heteroptera). Insect Sci.15: 461–469.

Sebastian A, Sein MM, Thu MM, Corbet PS (1990) Suppression of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) using augmentative release of dragonfly larvae (Odonata: Libellulidae) with community partic- ipation in Yangon, Myanmar. Bull En- tomol Res. 80: 223–232.

Su T, Mulla MS (2002) Spatial occurrence and hatch of field eggs of the tadpole shrimp Triops newberryi (Notostraca: Triopsidae), a potential biological con- trol agent of immature mosquitoes. J Vector Ecol. 27: 128–137.

Vezzani D, Rubioa A, Velazquez SM, Schweigmanna N, Wiegand T (2005) Detailed assessment of microhabitat suitability for Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Acta Tropic. 95:123–131.

Zia K, Hafeez F, Ashfaq M, Akram W, Khan HAA (2012) Larvicidal action of four indigenous plant extracts against dengue vector Aedes aegypti. Pak Entomol. 31: 93–97.

IssueVol 10 No 2 (2016) QRcode
SectionShort Communication
Biological control Dragonflies Damselflies Mosquitoes Dengue vectors

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
How to Cite
Akram W, Ali-Khan HA. Odonate Nymphs: Generalist Predators and their Potential in the Management of Dengue Mosquito, Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). J Arthropod Borne Dis. 2016;10(2):253-258.