Species Diversity and Distribution of Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) in Zabol County, Eastern Iran.

  • Maryam Ganjali Mail Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran.
  • Mansour Dabirzadeh Department of Microbiology, School of Public Health, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran.
  • Masoud Sargolzaie Veterinary Office of Zabol, Zabol, Iran.
Keywords:
Epidemiology, Hyalomma, Iran, Rhipicephalus, Ticks

Abstract

Background: Ticks are important vectors of human and animal pathogens. They are considered as main vectors fortransmission of many viral, bacterial, rickettsial and parasitical pathogens. The aim of the present study was to find out species diversity of ticks, which infested the domestic ruminants in Zabol County, Eastern Iran in 2012.Methods: Ticks were selected randomly from sheep, goats, cattle and camels. The ticks were collected from the body of infested animals and stored in 70% ethanol, then transported to the laboratory of Zabol University of Medi- cal Sciences. Following examinations under stereomicroscope, ticks were identified using available taxonomic keys. Results: In this study, a total number of 469 adult ticks (381 males and 88 females) were collected. Ticks were clas- sified into 2 genera and 9 species including: Hyalomma dromedarii (17.3%), Hy. schulzei (1.8%), Hy. marginatum (0.5%), Hy. anatolicum excavatum (12.60%), Hy. anatolicum anatolicum (11.2%), Hy. asiaticum asiaticum (11.0%), Rhipicephalus sanguineus (21.2%), Rh. bursa (10.2%) and  Rh. turacunis (13.911%). The frequency of  genus Hyalomma (54.6%) was higher than Rhipicephalus. Rh. sanguineus was the predominant tick species and accounted for 21.26% of the ticks. The ratio of males was more than the female ticks.Conclusion: Hyalomma and Rhipicephalus spcies are commonly distributed in the study area. Further investiga- tions are needed to identify the role of above tick species as vectors of pathogenic organisms.

References

Abbasian-Lintzen R (1961) Records of tick (Acarina: Ixodidae) occurring in Iran and their distributional data. Acarologia. 3:546–559.

Chinikar S, Ghiasi SM, Ghalyanchi- Langeroudi A, Goya MM, Shirzadi MR, Zeinali M, Haeri A (2009) An overview of Crimean-Congo Hemor- rhagic Fever in Iran. Iran J Microbiol.1(1): 7–12.

Delpy L (1936) Note sur les Ixodides du genre Hyalomma (Koch). Ann de Parasi. 14(3): 206–45.

Durrani AZ, Shakoori AR (2009) Study on Ecological Growth Conditions of Cat- tle Hyalomma Ticks in Punjab, Paki- stan. Iran J Parasitol. 4(1): 19–25

Garcia L. Sh, MS, MT, CLS, F (AAM) (2007) Diagnostic Medical Parasitol- ogy. 5th Ed. American Society for Mi- crobiology.

Jongejan F, Uilenberg G (1994) Ticks and control methods. Rev Sci Tech Off Int Epiz.13(4): 1201–1226.

Kaiser MN, Hoogstraal H (1963) The Hyalomma ticks (Ixodoidae) of Af- ghanistan. J Parasitol. 49: 130–139.

Mazlum Z (1971) Ticks of domestic animals in Iran: geographic, host relation, and seasonal activity. J Vet Fac Univ Te- hran, Iran. 27(1): 1–32.

Nabian S, Rahbari S, Shayan P, Haddad- zadeh HR (2007) Current status of tick fauna in North of Iran. Iran J Parasitol.2(1): 12–17.

Nabian S, Rahbari S, Changizi A, Shayan P (2009) The distribution of Hyalomma spp. ticks from domestic ruminants in Iran. J Med Entomol. 23(3): 281–283.

Nasiri A, Telmadarraiy Z, Vatandoost H, Chinikar S, Moradi M, Oshaghi M, SalimAbadi Y, Sheikh Z (2010) Tick infestation rate of sheep and their distribution in Abdanan County, Ilam Province, Iran, 2007–2008. Iran J Ar- thropod-Borne Dis. 4(2): 56–60.

Nazifi1 S, Tamadon A, Behzadi MA, Haddadi Sh, Raayat-Jahromi AR (2011) One- humped camels (Camelus dromedaries) hard ticks infestation in Qeshm Island, Iran. Vet Res Forum. 2(2): 135–138.

Rahbari S, Nabian S, Shayan P (2007) Pri- mary report on distribution of tick fau- na in Iran. Parasitol Res. 101(2): 175–177.

Rehman W, Ahmad Khan I, Qureshi AH, Shujaat H (2004) Prevalence of dif- ferent species of Ixodidae (hard ticks) in Rawalpindi and Islamabad Pakistan. J Med Res. 43(2).

Razmi GR, Glinsharifodini M, SarviSh (2007) Prevalence of ixodid ticks on cattle in Mazandaran Province, Iran. Korean J Parasitol. 45(4): 307–310.

Salimabadi Y, Telmadarraiy Z, Vatandoost H, Chinikar S, Oshaghi M, Moradi M, MirabzadehArdakan E, Hekmat S, Nasiri A (2010) Ticks on domestic ruminants and their seasonal population dynam- ics in Yazd Province, Iran. Iran J Ar- thropod-Borne Dis. 4(1): 66–71.

Telmadarraiy Z, Vatandoost H, Rafinejad J, Mohebali M, Tavakoli M, Abdigoudarzi M, Faghihi F, Aboulhasani M, Zarei Z, Jedari M, Mohtarami F, Azamsoulki A, Salari lak Sh, Entezarmahdi R (2009) Distribution of ticks (Ixodidae and Argasidae) family and susceptibility lev- el to cypermethrin in Meshkinshahr Dis- trict, Ardabil Province, Iran. Ardabil Uni Med Sci J. 9(2): 127–133.

Wall R, Shearer D (2001) Veterinary ecto- parasite: biology, pathology and con- trol. 2nd Ed. Blackwell Science Ltd.

How to Cite
1.
Ganjali M, Dabirzadeh M, Sargolzaie M. Species Diversity and Distribution of Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) in Zabol County, Eastern Iran. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 8(2):219-223.
Section
Short Communication