Distribution of Anopheles culicifacies and Detection of its Sibling Species E from Madhya Pradesh: Central India.

  • Ajay Kumar Sharma Mail Vector Management Division, Defence Research and Development Establishment, Madhya Pradesh, India.
  • Varun Tyagi Vector Management Division, Defence Research and Development Establishment, Madhya Pradesh, India.
  • Sompal Singh National Institute of Malaria Research, New Delhi, India.
  • Vijay Veer Defence Research Laboratory, Assam, India.
  • Om Prakash Agrawal School of Studies in Zoology, Jiwaji University, Madhya Pradesh, India.
  • Devanathan Sukumaran Vector Management Division, Defence Research and Development Establishment, Madhya Pradesh, India.
Keywords:
AS-PCR, Anopheles culicifacies, Madhya Pradesh, Malaria, Sibling species

Abstract

Background: Anopheles culicifacies is an important vector of malaria in Southeast Asia, contributing to almost 70%of malaria cases in India. It exists as a complex of five morphologically indistinguishable species A, B, C, D and E with varied geographical distribution patterns. In India, 8% of the total population of Madhya Pradesh (Central India) contributes about 30% of total malaria cases, 60% of total falciparum cases and 50% of malaria deaths. An. culicifacies is the major malaria vector in this state. Vector control mainly relies on the proper identification and distribution of vector species exists in a particular area. The present study was carried out to identify the distribution of An. culicifacies sibling species in certain endemic district of Central India, Madhya Pradesh.Methods: The An. culicifacies mosquitoes collected from the study districts were identified morphologically. The genomic DNA was isolated from the mosquitoes and subjected to Allele specific PCR targeting D3 domain of 28S ribosomal DNA.Results: The mean prevalence of An. culicifacies during the study period was in the range of 8–120 per man per hour (PMH). From the study areas species B was identified from Jabalpur, Chindwara and Hoshangabad, Species C from Hoshangabad only, Species D from Narsinghpur and Khandwa and sibling species E from Mandla, Chindwara and Hoshangabad respectively.Conclusion: This  is  the  first  report  to  detect  species  E  from  Madhya  Pradesh  region  which  necessitate  for reconsideration of species distribution of each An. culicifacies sibling species that would enable to develop required vector control strategies.

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How to Cite
1.
Sharma AK, Tyagi V, Singh S, Veer V, Agrawal OP, Sukumaran D. Distribution of Anopheles culicifacies and Detection of its Sibling Species E from Madhya Pradesh: Central India. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 8(2):186-196.
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