Seroepidemiological study of west nile virus and rift valley Fever virus in some of Mammalian species (herbivores) in northern Turkey.
AbstractBackground: West Nile virus (WNV) and Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) are mosquito-borne viral diseases. The objective of this study was to investigate the RVFV and WNV infections as serologically in different mammalian species (cattle, horse, goat, sheep and water buffalo) in the northern Turkey.Methods: Blood samples randomly collected from 70 each cattle, horse, sheep, goat and water buffalo were ana- lyzed for the presence of antibodies to RVFV and WNV using an competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (C-ELISA) in northern Turkey.Results: None of the animals were positive for antibodies to RVFV. In contrast, WNV antibodies were found in two of 350 samples (0.57%).Conclusion: This may suggest that the RVFV disease is not present in northern Turkey.This is the first serological study on RVFV in Turkey.
Albayrak H, Ozan E (2010) Molecular de- tection of avian influenza virus but not West Nile virus in wild birds in north- ern Turkey. Zoonoses Public Health.57: 71–75.
Castillo-Olivares J, Wood J (2004) West Nile virus infection of horses. Vet Res. 35:467–483.
Dauphin G, Zientara S (2007) West Nile vi-rus: recent trends in diagnosis and vac-cine development Vaccine. 25: 5563–5576.
Dik B, Yagcı S, Linton YM (2006) A review of species diversity and distribution of Culicoides Latreille, 1809 (Diptera: Cera- topogonidae) in Turkey. J Nat Hist. 40:1947–1967.
Ergunay K, Saygan MB, Aydogan S, Mene- menlioglu D, Turan HM, Ozkul A, Us D (2007a) West Nile virus seropreva- lance in blood donors from central Ana- tolia, Turkey. Vector Borne Zoonot Dis.7: 157–161.
Ergunay K, Ozer N, Us D, Ozkul A, Simsek F, Kaynas S, Ustacelebi S (2007b) Seroprevalance of West Nile virus and tick-borne encephalitis virus in south- eastern Turkey: First evidence for tick- borne encephalitis virus infections. Vec- tor Borne Zoonot Dis. 10: 771–775.
Fauquet CM, Mayo MA, Maniloff J, Dessel- berger U, Ball LA (2005) Family Fla- viviridae. In: Fauquet CM, Mayo MA, Maniloff J, Desselberger U, Ball LA (Eds) Virus Taxonomy-Classification and Nomenclature of Viruses. Eighth re- port of the International Committee on the Taxonomy of Viruses. Elsevier Aca- demic Press, San Diego.
Hubalek Z, Halouzka J (1999) West Nile fever- a reemerging mosquito-borne viral disease in Europe. Emerg Infect Dis. 5: 643–650.
Linthicum KJ, Anyamba A, Tucker CJ, Kelley PW, Myers MF, Peters CJ (1999) Climate and satellite indicators to forecast Rift Valley fever epidemics in Kenya. Science. 285: 397–400.
Mackenzie JS, Barrett ADT, Deubel V (2002) The Japanese encephalitis sero- logical group of flaviviruses: a brief in- troduction to the group. Curr Top Mic- robiol. 267: 1–10.
Ozkul A, Yıldırım Y, Pinar D, Akcali A, Yilmaz V, Colak D (2006) Serological evidence of West Nile virus (WNV) in mammalian species in Turkey. Epide- miol Infect. 134: 826–829.
Padilla JA, Rubio EL, Romero EE, Cordoba L, Cuevas S, Mejia F, Calderon R, Milian F, Rosa ATD, Weaver SC, Franco JGE, Saiz JC (2009) The conti- nous spread of west nile virus (WNV): seroprevalance in asymptomatic hor- ses. Epidemiol Infect. 137: 1163–1168.
Shoemaker T, Boulianne C, Vincent MJ, Pezzanite L, Al-Qahtani MM, Al-Maz- rou Y, Khan AS, Rollin PE, Swane- poel R, Ksiazek TG, Nichol ST (2002) Genetic analysis of viruses associated with emergence of Rift Valley fever in Saudi Arabia and Yemen, 2000–2001. Emerg Infect Dis. 8: 1415–1420.
Turkish state meteorological service (TSMS) (2010) Update on average annual va- lues of heat, humidity, and rainfall. Available at: http//www.dmi.gov.tr/ tahmin/il-ve- ilceler.aspx.
Turrel MJ, Bailey CL, Beaman JR (1998) Vec- tor competence of a Houston, Tex-as strain of Aedes albopictus for Rift Val- ley fever virus. J Am Mosq Cont Assoc. 4: 94–98.
Copyright (c) Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.