Occult Dirofilariosis in Dogs of North Eastern Region in India

  • Sonjoy Kumar-Borthakur Mail Department of Parasitology, College of Veterinary Sciences and AH, Central Agricultural University, Selesih, Aizawl, Mizoram, India.
  • Dilip Kumar-Deka Department of Parasitology, College of Veterinary Science, Assam Agricultural University, Khanapara, Guwahati-781 022, Assam, India.
  • Saidul Islam Department of Parasitology, College of Veterinary Science, Assam Agricultural University, Khanapara, Guwahati-781 022, Assam, India.
  • Prabhat Chandra-Sarmah Department of Parasitology, College of Veterinary Science, Assam Agricultural University, Khanapara, Guwahati-781 022, Assam, India.
Keywords:
Dirofilaria immitis, Occult infection, India

Abstract

Background: The North Eastern Region in India is endemic for canine heartworm disease but in clinics accurate diagnosis is some times difficult. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of occult infections for heartworm disease in canine in two geographical regions of North Eastern India.Methods: A total of 782 numbers of three categories of dogs namely, working dogs of military and paramilitary forces, pet dogs and stray dogs were screened for the presence of heartworm infection from August 2011 to July, 2012 in Guwahati (Assam) and Aizawl (Mizoram). Conventional, immunological and molecular techniques were followed for this epidemiological study. The criteria to determine the occult heartworm cases were based on the dif­ferences between heartworm positive cases in PCR test and antigen ELISA test.Results: The findings revealed an overall 22.69 percent occult case. The working dogs had highest prevalence (60%) followed by pet (29.16%) and stray dogs (17.75%).Conclusion: The highest percentage of occult heartworm infection was present in working dogs maintained under military or paramilitary forces. 

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Published
2016-02-06
How to Cite
1.
Kumar-Borthakur S, Kumar-Deka D, Islam S, Chandra-Sarmah P. Occult Dirofilariosis in Dogs of North Eastern Region in India. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 10(1):92–97.
Section
Short Communication