Measures to Control Phlebotomus argentipes and Visceral Leishmaniasis in India

  • Richard M. Poché Genesis Laboratories, 10122 NE Frontage Road, Wellington, CO 80549, USA
  • Rajesh Garlapati Genesis Laboratories India Private Limited, Patna, Bihar, India
Keywords:
Visceral leishmaniasis, Leishmania donovani, Phlebotomus argentipes, sand flies, vector control

Abstract

Visceral leishmaniasis is a deadly parasitic disease that is transmitted via the bite of a female sand fly, Phlebotomus argentipes. The highest burden of this disease is in northern India. In 2005, India embarked on an initiative with Ne­pal, Bangladesh, and the World Health Organization to eliminate visceral leishmaniasis by 2015. With the goal of 1 case in 10,000 people still unmet, it is prudent to evaluate the tools that have been used thus far to reduce vector numbers and cases of the disease. Herein, we present a review of studies conducted on vector-control strategies in India to combat visceral leishmaniasis including indoor residual spraying, insecticide-treated bed nets, environmental modification, and feed-through insecticides. This review suggests that the quality of indoor residual spraying may enhance control measures while a combination of spraying, nets, and feed-through insecticides would best confront the diverse habitats of P. argentipes.

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Published
2016-05-05
How to Cite
1.
Poché RM, Garlapati R. Measures to Control Phlebotomus argentipes and Visceral Leishmaniasis in India. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 10(2):113-126.
Section
Review Article