Composition of Anopheles Species Collected from Selected Malarious Areas of Afghanistan and Iran
Background: Malarious areas in Iran are close to Afghanistan and Pakistan that urge the researchers to extend their knowledge on malaria epidemiology to the neighboring countries as well. Vectorial capacity differs at species or even at population level, the first essential step is accurate identification of vectors. This study aimed to identify Anopheles species composition in selected malarious areas of Afghanistan and Iran, providing further applied data for other research in two countries.
Methods: Adults Anopheles spp. were collected from four provinces in Afghanistan (Badakhshan, Herat, Kunduz, Nangarhar) by pyrethrum spray catch, hand collection methods through WHO/EMRO coordination and from Chabahar County in Iran by pyrethrum spray catch method. Identification was performed using reliable identification key.
Results: Totally, 800 female Anopheles mosquitos, 400 from each country were identified at species level. Anopheles composition in Afghanistan was An. superpictus, An. stephensi and An. hyrcanus. Most prevalent species in Badakhshan and Kunduz were An. superpictus, whereas An. stephensi and An. hyrcanus were respectively found in Nangarhar and Heart. Anopheles species in Chabahar County of Iran were An. stephensi, An. fluviatilis, An. culicifacies and An. sergentii. The most prevalent species was An. stephensi.
Conclusion: Current study provides a basis for future research such as detection of Plasmodium infection in collected samples which is on process by the authors, also for effective implementation of evidence-based malaria vector intervention strategies.
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