Review Article

Aquatic Insect from Iran for Possible Use of Biological Control of Main Vector-Borne Disease of Malaria and Water Indicator of Contamination


Iran has a wide variety of zoogeographical regions and different seasons. Here are some important mosquito-borne diseases. Mosquitoes normally live in waters. Its aquatic insect fauna is highly unexplored. To being resolved this faunal gap, a variety of literature records from previous century in different parts of Iran was reviewed. In some southern and southeastern foci in Iran, Malaria is still a main endemic disease which is unstable with two seasonal spring and autumn peaks even though Iran is lunching Malaria elimination. This review article showed the wide variety of aquatic insects throughout the country. Researchers can discuss water pollutant and its quality by using aquatic insect fauna as well as biological control for vectors. Types of aquatic in­sects and macroinvertebrates sampling can be useful for water quality monitoring as indicators. Looking at aquatic insects’ life in water could be one of the most cost-effective and the easiest method to assess the water contaminations by different pollutants and will provide a guideline for scientific communities and environmental agencies for decision making.

Salari Lak S, Vatandoost H, Ente¬zarmahdi M, Ashraf H, Abai M, Nazari M (2002) Monitoring of insecticide resistance in Anopheles sacharovi (Favre, 1903) in borderline of Iran, Armenia, Naxcivan and Turkey, 2001. Iran J Public Health. 31(3–4): 96–99.

Enayati AA, Vatandoost H, Ladonni H, Townson H, Hemingway J (2003) Mo¬lecular evidence for a kdr-like pyrethroid resistance mechanism in the ma¬laria vector mosquito Anophe-les stephensi. Med Vet Entomol. 17(2): 138–144.

Vatandoost H, Vaziri VM (2004a) Larvi-cidal activity of a neem tree extract (Neema¬rin) against mosquito larvae in the Islamic Republic of Iran. East Mediterr Health J. 10(4–5): 573–581.

Vatandoost H, Mashayekhi M, Abaie MR, Aflatoonian MR, HanafiBojd AA, Shar¬ifi I (2005) Monitoring of insec-ticides resistance in main malaria vec¬tors in a malarious area of Kahnooj District, Kerman Province, southeast¬ern Iran. J Vector Borne Dis. 42(3): 100–108.

Hanafi-Bojd AA, Vatandoost H, Jafari R (2006) Susceptibility status of Anoph¬eles dthali and Anopheles flu-viatilis to commonly used larvicides in an en¬demic focus of ma¬laria, southern Iran. J Vector Borne Dis. 43(1): 34–38.

Davari B, Vatandoost H, Ladonni H, Shaeghi M, Oshaghi M, Basseri H (2006) Com¬parative Efficacy of Different Imagicides Against Different Strains of Anoph¬eles stephensi in the Malarious Areas of Iran, 2004–2005. Pak J Biol Sci. 9(5): 885–892.

Davari B, Vatandoost H, Oshaghi M, La-donni H, Enayati A, Shaeghi M (2007) Se¬lection of Anopheles ste-phensi with DDT and dieldrin and cross-re¬sistance spectrum to pyre-throids and fipronil. Pestic Biochem Physiol. 89(2): 97–103.

Abai MR, Mehravaran A, Vatandoost H, Oshaghi MA, Javadian E, Mashayekhi M (2008) Comparative performance of imagi¬cides on Anopheles stephensi, main malaria vector in a malarious area, southern Iran. J Vector Borne Dis. 45 (4): 307–312.

Vatandoost H, Hanafi-Bojd AA (2012) In-dication of pyrethroid resistance in the main malaria vector, Anopheles stephen¬si from Iran. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 5(9): 722–726.

Soltani A, Vatandoost H, Oshaghi MA, Enayati AA, Raeisi A, Eshraghian MR (2013) Baseline Susceptibility of Different Geographical Strains of Anoph¬eles stephensi (Diptera: Culicidae) to Temephos in Malari¬ous Areas of Iran. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 7(1): 56–65.

Dezfouli SR, Oshaghi MA, Vatandoost H, Assmar M (2003) rDNA-ITS2 based spe¬cies-diagnostic polymerase chain reaction assay for identifica-tion of sib¬ling species of Anopheles fluviatilis in Iran. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 34 Suppl 2: 56–60.

Naddaf SR, Oshaghi MA, Vatandoost H, Assmar M (2003) Molecular charac-terization of Anopheles fluviatilis species complex in the Islamic Re-public of Iran. East Mediterr Health J. 9(3): 257–265.

Naddaf SR, Oshaghi MA, Vatandoost H (2012) Confirmation of Two Sibling Species among Anopheles fluviatilis Mosquitoes in South and Southeast-ern Iran by Analysis of Cytochrome Oxidase I Gene. J Arthropod borne Dis. 6 (2): 144–150.

Oshaghi MA, Sedaghat MM, Vatandoost H (2003 b) Molecular characteriza-tion of the Anopheles maculipennis complex in the Is¬lamic Republic of Iran. East Mediterr Health J. 9(4): 659–666.

Oshaghi MA, Shemshad K, Yaghobi-Er-shadi MR, Pedram M, Vatandoost H, Abaie MR (2007) Genetic structure of the malaria vector Anopheles su-perpictus in Iran using mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase (COI and COII) and morphologic markers: a new species complex. Acta Trop. 101(3): 241–248.

Sedaghat MM, Linton YM, Oshaghi MA, Vatandoost H, Harbach RE (2003) The Anopheles maculipennis complex (Dip-tera: Culicidae) in Iran: molecular char-acteriza¬tion and recognition of a new species. Bull Entomol Res. 93(6): 527–535.

Azari-Hamidian S, Abai MR, Ladonni H, Vatandoost H, Akbarzadeh K (2006) Anoph¬eles peditaeniatus (Leices-ter) new to the Ira¬nian mosquito fauna with notes on Anophe¬les hyrcanus group in Iran. J Am Mosq Con¬trol As-soc. 22(1): 144–146.

Mehravaran A, Oshaghi MA, Vatandoost H, Abai MR, Ebrahimzadeh A, Roodi AM (2011) First report on Anopheles fluviatilis U in southeast-ern Iran. Acta Trop. 117(2): 76–81.

Soltani A, Vatandoost H, Jabbari H, Mes¬daghinia A, Mahvi A, Younesian M (2008) Use of expanded polysty-rene (EPS) and shredded waste polysty-rene (SWAP) beads for control of mosquitoes. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 2(2): 12–20.

Soltani A, Vatandoost H, Jabbari H, Mes¬daghinia AR, Mahvi AH, Younesian M (2012) Field efficacy of expanded pol¬ysty¬rene and shredded waste pol-ystyrene beads for mosquito control in artificial pools and field trials, Is-lamic Re¬public of Iran. East Mediterr Health J. 18(10): 1042–1048.

Omrani SM, Vatandoost H, Oshaghi MA, Shokri F, Guerin PM, Yaghoobi Er¬shadi MR (2010a) Fabrication of an ol-fac¬tometer for mosquito behavioral stud¬ies. J Vector Borne Dis. 47(1): 17–25.

Omrani SM, Vatandoost H, Oshaghi M, Shokri F, Yaghoobi-Ershadi M, Ras-si Y (2010b) Differential Responses of Anopheles stephensi (Diptera: Cu-licidae) to Skin Ema¬nations of a Man, a Cow, and a Guinea Pig in the Ol-fac¬tometer. Iran J Arthropod Borne Dis. 4(1): 1–16.

Omrani SM, Vatandoost H, Oshaghi MA, Rahimi A (2012) Up wind responses of Anopheles stephensi to carbon di-oxide and L-lactic acid: an olfac-tometer study. East Mediterr Health J. 18 (11): 1134–1142.

Chavshin AR, Oshaghi MA, Vatandoost H, Pourmand MR, Raeisi A, Enayati AA (2012) Identification of bacterial microflora in the midgut of the lar-vae and adult of wild-caught Anoph-eles stephensi: a step toward finding suitable paratransgenesis candidates. Acta Trop. 121(2): 129–134.

Moosa-Kazemi S, Vatandoost H, Ni¬kookar H, Fathian M (2009) Culicinae (Dip-tera: culicidae) mosquitoes in Chabahar County, Sistan and Balu-chistan Prov¬ince, Southeastern Iran. Iran J Ar¬thropod Borne Dis. 3(1): 29–35.

Oshaghi MA, Vatandoost H, Gorouhi A, Abai MR, Madjidpour A, Arshi S (2011) Anopheline species composi-tion in border¬line of Iran-Azerbaijan. Acta Trop. 119(1): 44–49.

Hadjiakhoondi A, Aghel N, Zamaniza-deh-Nadgar N, Vatandoost H (2000) Chem¬i¬cal and biological study of Mentha spi¬catal essential oil from Iran. DA-RU J Pharmaceu¬tical Sci. 8(1–2): 19–21.

Hadjiakhoondi A, Vatandoost H, Jam¬shidi A, Amiri EB (2003) Chemical Constit-uents of Efficacy of Cymbopogon Olivieri (Boiss) Bar Essential Oil Against Malaria Vector, Anopheles stepen¬si. DARU J Phar¬maceutical Sci. 11(3): 125–128.

Hadjiakhoondi A, Vatandoost H, Kha-navi M, Abai MR, Karami M (2005) Bio¬chemical investigation of differ-ent ex¬tracts and larvicidal activity of Tagetes minuta L. on Anopheles ste-phensi larvae. Iran J Phar¬maceutical Sci. 1(2): 81–84.

Hadjiakhoondi A, Vatandoost H, Kha-navi M, Sadeghipour Roodsari HR, Vosoughi M, Kazemi M (2006) Fatty acid composition and toxicity of Me-lia azedarach L. fruits against ma-laria vector Anopheles stephensi. Iran J Pharmaceutical Sci. 2(2): 97–102.

Oshaghi M, Ghalandari R, Vatandoost H, Shayeghi M, Kamali-Nejad M, Toura-bi-Khaledi H (2003a) Repellent ef-fect of ex¬tracts and essential oils of Citrus limon (Ru¬taceae) and Melissa officinalis (Labiatae) against main malaria vector, Anopheles ste¬phensi (Diptera: Culicidae). Iran J Pub Health. 32(4): 47–52.

Sadat Ebrahimi S, Hadjiakhoondi A, Re-zazadeh S, Fereidunian N, Vatandoost H, Abaee M (2005) The components of Tagetes minuta L. and its biological activities against malaria vector, Anopheles stephensi in Iran. J Me-dicinal Plants. 4(16): 43–47.

Shahi M, Hanafi-Bojd AA, Iranshahi M, Vatandoost H (2010) Lar¬vicidal effi-cacy of latex and extract of Calot¬ropis procera (Gentianales: Asclepiada-ceae) against Culex quinquefasciatus and Anophe¬les stephensi (Diptera: Cu¬licidae). J Vector Borne Dis. 47(3): 185–188.

Khanavi M, Toulabi PB, Abai MR, Sa-dati N, Hadjiakhoondi F, Hadjiakhoon¬di A (2011) Larvicidal activity of marine algae, Sargassum swartzii and Chon¬dria dasyphyl¬la, against malaria vector Anopheles ste¬phensi. J Vector Borne Dis. 48(4): 241–244.

Khanavi M, Vatandoost H, Khosravi Dehaghi N, Sanei Dehkordi A, Seda-ghat MM, Hadjiakhoondi A (2013) Lar-vicidal activities of some Iranian na-tive plants against the main malaria vec-tor, Anopheles stephensi. Acta Med Iran. 51(3): 141–147.

Sedaghat M, Dehkordi AS, Abai M, Kha¬navi M, Mohtarami F, Abadi YS (2011) Lar-vicidal activity of essential oils of Apiaceae plants against malaria vec-tor, Anopheles stephensi. Iran J Ar-thropod Borne Dis. 5(2): 51–59.

Sedaghat MM, Dehkordi AS, Khanavi M, Abai, MR, Mohtarami F, Vatandoost H (2011) Chemical composition and lar¬vicidal activity of essential oil of Cu-pressus arizon¬ica E.L. Greene against malaria vector Anopheles stephensi Lis-ton (Diptera: Cu¬licidae). Pharmacog-nosy Res. 3(2): 135–139.

Vatandoost H, Sanei Dehkordi A, Sadeghi SM, Davari B, Karimian F, Abai MR (2012) Identification of chemical con¬stituents and larvicidal ac-tivity of Kelus¬sia odoratissima essen-tial oil against two mos¬quito vectors Anopheles stephensi and Culex pipiens (Diptera: Cu¬licidae). Exp Para-sitol. 132(4): 470–474.

Vatandoost H, Oshaghi MA, Abaie MR, Shahi M, Yaaghoobi F, Baghaii M (2006a) Bionomics of Anopheles stephensi Liston in the malarious ar-ea of Hormozgan Province, southern Iran, 2002. Acta Trop. 97(2): 196–203.

Vatandoost H, Ramin E, Rassi Y, Abai M (2009) Stability and wash resistance of local made mosquito bednets and de-ter¬gents treated with pyrethroids against susceptible strain of malaria vector Anopheles stephensi. Iran J Arthropod Borne Dis. 3(1): 19–28.

Vatandoost H, Mamivandpoor H, Abai MR, Shayeghi M, Rafi F, Raeisi A (2013) Wash resistance and bioefficacy of al¬pha-cypermethrin long lasting im-preg¬nated nets (LLIN-Interceptor (R) against Anopheles stephensi using Tunnel Test. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 7(1): 31–45.

Moosa-Kazemi SH, Vatandoost H, Rae-isi A, Akbarzadeh K (2007) Deltamethrin impregnated bed nets in a malaria con¬trol program in Chabahar, South-east Baluchistan, Iran. J Ar-thropodBorne Dis. 1(1): 43–51.

Rafinejad J, Vatandoost H, Nikpoor F, Abai MR, Shaeghi M, Duchen S (2008) Ef¬fect of washing on the bioefficacy of insecti¬cide-treated nets (ITNs) and long-lasting in¬secticidal nets (LLINs) against main malaria vector Anopheles stephen¬si by three bioassay methods. J Vector Borne Dis. 45(2): 143–150.

Soleimani-Ahmadi M, Vatandoost H, Shaeghi M, Raeisi A, Abedi F, Eshraghi¬an MR (2012) Effects of educational interven¬tion on long-lasting insecticidal nets use in a ma-larious area, southeast Iran. Acta Med Iran. 50 (4): 279–287.

Soleimani-Ahmadi M, Vatandoost H, Shaeghi M, Raeisi A, Abedi F, Eshraghi¬an MR (2012) Field evalua-tion of permethrin long-lasting in-secticide-treated nets (Olyset R) for malaria control in an endemic area, south¬east of Iran. Acta Trop. 123(3): 146–153.

Soleimani-Ahmadi M, Vatandoost H, Zare M (2014) Characterization of larval habitat for anopheline mosqui-toes in a ma¬larious area under elimina-tion pro¬gram in the Southeast of Iran. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed. 4(1): S73–S80.

Doosti S, Azari-Hamidian S, Vatandoost H, Hosseini MOM (2006) Taxonom-ic differ¬entiation of Anopheles sa-cha¬rovi and An. maculipennis Sl (Diptera: Culicidae) larvae by seta 2 (antepalmate hair). Acta Med Iran. 44(1): 21–27.

Doosti S, Vatandoost H, Oshaghi M, Hos¬seini M, Sedaghat M (2007) Applying mor-phometric variation of seta 2 (An-tepal¬mate Hair) among the larvae of the members of the Maculipennis Subgroup (Diptera: Cu¬licidae) in Iran. J Ar-thro¬pod Borne Dis. 1(1): 28–37.

Emami SN, Vatandoost H, Oshaghi MA, Mohtarami F, Javadian E, Raeisi A (2007) Morphological method for sexing anopheline larvae. J Vector Borne Dis. 44(4): 245–249.

Vatandoost H, Ashraf H, Lak SH, Mahdi RE, Abai MR, Nazari M (2003) Fac-tors in¬volved in the re-emergence of malaria in borderline of Iran, Arme-nia, Azerbaijan and Turkey. The Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 34 (Suppl 2): 6–14.

Hanafi-Bojd AA, Vatandoost H, Philip E, Stepanova E, Abdi A, Safari R (2010) Malaria situation analysis and stratifi¬cation in Bandar Abbas county, south¬ern Iran, 2004–2008. Iran J Arthropod-Borne Dis. 4(1): 31–41.

Hanafi-Bojd AA, Azari-Hamidian S, Vatan-doost H, Charrahy Z (2011) Spatio-temporal distribution of malaria vectors (Diptera: Culicidae) across different cli-matic zones of Iran. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 4(6): 498–504.

Hanafi-Bojd AA, Vatandoost H, Oshaghi MA, Charrahy Z, Haghdoost AA, Sed¬aghat MM (2012) Larval habitats and biodiversity of anopheline mos-quitoes (Diptera: Cu¬licidae) in a ma-larious area of southern Iran. J Vector Borne Dis. 49(2): 91–100.

Hemami MR, Sari AA, Raeisi A, Vatan-doost H, Majdzadeh R (2013) Malar-ia elimi¬nation in Iran, importance and challenges. Int J Prev Med. 4(1): 88–94.

Vatandoost H, Dehakia M, Djavadian E, Abai MR, Duchson S (2006) Com¬par-ative study on the efficacy of lamb-da¬cyhalothrin and bifenthrin on torn nets against the malar¬ia vector, Anopheles stephensi as assessed by tunnel test meth¬od. J Vector Borne Dis. 43(3): 133–135.

Vatandoost H, Shahi M, Hanafi-Bojd AA, Abai M, Oshaghi M, Rafii F (2007) Ecology of Anopheles dthali Patton in Ban¬dar Abbas District, Hormozgan Prov¬ince, southern Iran. Iran J Arthropod Borne Dis. 1(1): 21–27.

Vatandoost H, Emami SN, Oshaghi MA, Abai MR, Raeisi A, Piazzak N (2011) Ecol¬ogy of malaria vector Anopheles culicifacies in a malarious area of Sis¬tan va Baluchestan Province, south-east Islamic Republic of Iran. East Mediterr Health J. 17(5): 439–445.

Soleimani-Ahmadi M, Vatandoost H, Shaeghi M, Raeisi A, Abedi F, Eshraghi¬an MR (2012) Vector ecol-ogy and susceptibility in a malaria-en¬demic focus in southern Is¬lamic Republic of Iran. East Mediterr Health J. 18(10): 1034–1041.

Soleimani-Ahmadi M, Vatandoost H, Hanafi-Bojd AA, Zare M, Safari R, Mojahe-di A (2013) Environmental charac-teristics of anopheline mosquito lar-val habitats in a ma¬laria endemic ar-ea in Iran. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 6(7): 510–515.

Vatandoost H, Shahi H, Abai MR, Hanafi-Bojd AA, Oshaghi MA, Zamani G (2004) Larval habitats of main ma-laria vec¬tors in Hormozgan Province and their sus¬ceptibility to different larvicides. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Pub¬lic Health. 35(2): 22–25.

Nikookar S, Moosa-Kazemi SH, Oshaghi MA, Yaghoobi-Ershadi MR, Vatandoost H, Kianinasab A (2010) Species composition and diversity of mos¬quitoes in Neka County, Ma-zandaran Province, Northern Iran. Iran J Arthro¬pod Borne Dis. 4(2): 26–34.

Hanafi-Bojd AA, Vatandoost H, Oshaghi MA, Eshraghian MR, Haghdoost AA, Abedi F (2011) Knowledge, atti-tudes and practices regarding malar-ia control in an endemic area of southern Iran. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 42(3): 491–501.

Vatandoost H, Abai MR, Abbasi M, Shaeghi M, Abtahi M, Rafie F (2009) De-sign¬ing of a laboratory model for evaluation of the residual effects of del-tame¬thrin (K-othrine WP 5%) on dif-ferent surfaces against malaria vector, Anoph¬eles stephensi (Dip¬tera: Cu-licidae). J Vector Borne Dis. 46(4): 261–267.

Vatandoost H, Hanafi-Bojd AA (2008) La¬boratory evaluation of 3 repellents against Anopheles stephensi in the Islamic Republic of Iran. East Medi-terr Health J. 14(2): 260–267.

Chavshin AR, Dabiri F, Vatandoost H, Bavani MM (2015a) Susceptibility of Anopheles maculipennis to differ-ent clas¬ses of insecticides in West Azarbai¬jan Province, Northwestern Iran. Asian Pac J Trop Bio¬med. 5(5): 403–406.

Vatandoost H, Zahirnia AH (2010) Respon-siveness of Anopheles maculipennis to dif¬ferent imagicides during resur-gent malaria. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 3(5): 360–363.

Abai MR, Hanafi-Bojd AA, Vatandoost H (2016) Laboratory evaluation of temeph¬os against Anopheles ste-phensi and Culex pipiens Larvae in Iran. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 10(4): 510–518.

Oshaghi MA, Chavshin AR, Vatandoost H (2006) Analysis of mosquito blood meals using RFLP markers. Exp Par-asitol. 114(4): 259–264.

Oshaghi MA, Chavshin AR, Vatandoost H, Yaaghoobi F, Mohtarami F, Noor-jah N (2006) Effects of post-inges-tion and physical conditions on PCR amplification of host blood meal DNA in mosquitoes. Exp parasi¬tol. 112(4): 232–236.

Vatandoost H, Mesdaghinia AR, Zamani G, Madjdzadeh R, Holakouie K, Sadriza¬deh B (2004) Development of the regional ma¬laria training center in Bandar Abbas, Islam¬ic Republic of Iran. East Mediterr Health J. 10(1–2): 215–224.

Chavshin AR, Oshaghi MA, Vatandoost H, Yakhchali B, Zarenejad F, Ter-enius O (2015) Malpighian tubules are important de¬terminants of Pseu-domonas transstadial transmission and longtime persistence in Anopheles stephensi. Par¬asites Vectors. 8: 36–42.

Anjomruz M, Oshaghi MA, Pourfatollah AA, Sedaghat MM, Raeisi A, Vatan-doost H (2014) Preferential feeding suc-cess of labor¬atory reared Anopheles stephensi mosquitoes according to ABO blood group status. Acta Trop. 140: 118–123.

Anjomruz M, Oshaghi MA, Sedaghat MM, Pourfatollah AA, Raeisi A, Vatandoost H (2014) ABO blood groups of resi-dents and the ABO host choice of ma¬laria vectors in southern Iran. Exp Par-asitol. 136: 63–67.

Khoshdel-Nezamiha F, Vatandoost H, Azari-Hamidian S, Bavani MM, Dabiri F, Entezar-Mahdi R (2014) Fauna and larval habitats of mosquitoes (Dip-tera: Culicidae) of West Azerbaijan Province, Northwestern Iran. J Ar-thropod Borne Dis. 8(2): 163–173.

Khoshdel-Nezamiha F, Vatandoost H, Oshaghi MA, Azari-Hamidian S, Mianroodi RA, Dabiri F (2016) Mo-lecular characteriza¬tion of mosquitoes (Dip¬tera: Culicidae) in Northwestern Iran by using rDNA-ITS2. Jpn J Infect Dis. 69(4): 319–322.

Shayeghi M, Vatandoost H, Gorouhi A, Sanei-Dehkordi AR, Salim-Abadi Y, Karami M, Jalil-Navaz MR, Akha-van AA, Shiekh Z, Vatandoost S, Arandi-an MH (2014) Biodi¬versity of aquatic in-sects of Zayandeh Roud river and its branches, Isfahan Province, Iran. Ar-thropod Borne Dis. 8(2): 197–203.

Ghezelbash Z, Vatandoost H, Abai MR, Raeisi A, Rassi Y, Hanafi-Bojd AA (2014) Laboratory and field evalua-tion of two for¬mulations of Bacillus thuringiensis M-H-14 against mos-quito larvae in the Islamic Re¬public of Iran, 2012. East Mediterr Health J. 20 (4): 229–235.

Karimian F, Oshaghi MA, Sedaghat MM, Waterhouse RM, Vatandoost H, Hanafi-Bojd AA (2014) Phylogenetic analy-sis of the oriental Palearctic Afrotropical members of Anopheles (Culicidae: Dip¬tera) based on nuclear rDNA and mitochondrial DNA char-acteristics. Jpn J Infect Dis. 67(5): 361–367.

Soleimani-Ahmadi M, Vatandoost H, Zare M, Turki H, Alizadeh A (2015) Topo¬graphical distribution of anopheline mos¬qui¬toes in an area under elimination programme in the south of Iran. Malar J. 14: 262–268.

Fathian M, Vatandoost H, Moosa-Kazemi SH, Raeisi A, Yaghoobi-Ershadi MR, Oshaghi MA (2015) Suscepti-bility of Culicidae Mosquitoes to Some Insecticides Recommended by WHO in a Malaria En¬demic Area of Southeastern Iran. J Arthro¬pod Borne Dis. 9(1): 22–34.

Ataie A, Moosa-Kazemi SH, Vatandoost H, Yaghoobi-Ershadi MR, Bakhshi H, Anjomruz M (2015) Assessing the sus-cepti¬bility status of mosquitoes (Dip-tera: Cu¬licidae) in a Dirofilariasis Focus, Northwest¬ern Iran. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 9(1): 7–21.

Soltani A, Vatandoost H, Oshaghi MA, Ravasan NM, Enayati AA, Asgarian F (2015) Resistance Mechanisms of Anopheles stephensi (Diptera: Cu-licidae) to Temephos. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 9(1): 71–83.

Golfakhrabadi F, Khanavi M, Ostad SN, Saeidnia S, Vatandoost H, Abai MR (2015) Biological activities and composition of Ferulago carduchorum es¬sential oil. J Ar¬thropod Borne Dis. 9 (1): 104–115.

Tavassoli M, Shayeghi M, Vatandoost H, Abai MR, Khoobdel M, Bakhshi H, Rafie F (2015) Repellency effect of Picaridin and DDT against Anopheles stephensi on human vol-unteers. J Entomo Zool Studies. 3(2): 343–347.

Pirmohammadi M, Shayeghi M, Vatan-doost H, Abaei MR, Mohammadi A, Bagheri A (2016) Chemical compo-sition and repel¬lent activity of Achil-lea vermiculata and Satureja horten-sis against Anopheles ste¬phensi. J Arthro¬pod Borne Dis. 10(2): 201–210.

Gorouhi MA, Vatandoost H, Oshaghi MA, Raeisi A, Enayati AA, Mirhendi H (2016) Current susceptibility status of Anopheles stephensi (Diptera: Cu-licidae) to different imagicides in a ma¬larious area, southeastern Iran. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 10(4): 493–500.

Sanei-Dehkordi A, Vatandoost H, Abaei MR, Davari B, Sedaghat MM (2016) Chem¬ical composition and larvicidal activity of Bunium persicum essen-tial oil against two important mos-quitoes vectors. J Essential Oil Bear-ing Plants. 19(2): 349–357.

World Wildlife Federation (2013) Ecore¬gions: Earth’s most special places. Avail¬able at: (Accessed 1 March 2013)

World Wildlife Federation (2013) Wild-finder. Available at: (Accessed 23 April 2013)

Gueorguiev V (1965) Sur la fauna des coleopteres Hydrocantharesd’Iran (Re-sume). Acad. Bulg. Sci. 19: 116–117.

Nehring RB (1976) Aquatic insects as biological monitors of heavy metal pollution. Bull Environ Contam Tox-icol. 15: 147-154.

Gentilil E, Ostovan H, Ghahari H, Ko-marek A (2018) Annotated checklist of Iranian Hydrophilidae (Coleop-tera: Polyphaga: Hy¬drophiloidea). Aquatic Insect. 1: 12–18.

Hosseinie SO (1995) Life history, be-hav¬ior and morphology of the imma-ture stages of Enochrus quadripunc-tatus herbest in the laboratory (Col-eoptera: Hydrophilidae) II. Morphol-ogy J Sci. 6(4): 195–206.

Hosseinia S, Hosseinpour H (1996) Methles rectus sharp confirm for Iran. La¬tissmus. 7: 18–28.

Atamehr A, Kamali K, Ostovan H (2004) Report on aquatic beetles of the family Hy¬draenidae (Coleoptera) in Tabriz region. J Agricultural Sci. 10(3): 13–29.

Vafaei R, Ostovan H, Incekara Ü, Pešic V (2007) Faunistic study of the aquatic bee¬tles (Coleoptera: Polyphaga) of Marka¬zi Province (Central Iran) with new records. Arch Biol Sci. Belgrade.

(3): 239–242.

Vafei R, Ostovan H, Incekara Ü, Pesic V (2008) A faunistic study on the div-ing bee¬tles (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae) of Markazi Province (Central Iran) with the new records. Mun Ent Zool. 3(1): 165–170.

Dehghani R, Miranzadeh MB, Yosef Za-deh M, Zamani S (2007) Fauna aquatic in¬sects in swage maturation ponds of Kashan University of medical sciences. Pak J Biol Sci. 10(6): 928–931.

Mohammadian HH (2008) Aquatic in-sects of Iran, First volume, Ephem-eroptera. shabpare publication, Iran, p. 184.

Askari O, FarshbafPourabad R, Khaganinia S (2009) Faunistic study of Het¬er¬optera of Zanjanroud region in Zanjan Province of Iran. Mun Entomol Zool. 4(2): 560–563.

Vafaei R, Darilmaz MJ, Nazari E, Incekara U, Piazak N (2009) Contributions to the knowledge of Iranian aquatic Col¬eop¬tera fauna (Dytiscidae, Gyrin-idae, Helophor¬idae and Hydrophi-lidae) with new records and notes on the rare spe¬cies Coleostoma transcaspi-cum Reitter-1906. Acta Entomol Serbica. 14(1): 101–107.

Ghahari H, Tabari M, Sakenin H, Os¬tovan H, Imani S (2009) Odonata (Insecta) from Northern Iran, with comments on their presence in rice fields. Mun Entomol Zool. 4(1): 148–154.

Nemati Varnosfaderany M, Ebrahimi E, Mirghaffary N, Safyanian A (2010) Biologi¬cal assessment of the Za-yandeh Rud River, Iran, using benthic macroin¬vertebrates. Limnologica. 40: 226–232.

Khaghaninia S, Askari O, Farshbaf Pour Abad R, Shahim K (2010) Some ad-di¬tional notes about Heteroptera fau-na of Qaradag forests-Iran. Mun En-tomol Zool. 5(2): 513–518.

Sadeghi R, Farshbaf Pourabad R, Kazemi MH, Hassanzadeh M (2009) Intro-duc¬tion of some Heteroptera of Qurigol (Iran). Mun Entomol Zool. 4(2): 498–500.

Atamehr A, Alaei M (2010) Two aquat-ic beetles reported (Haliplidae: Col-eoptera) from Azerbaijan, Iran. World Applied Sci J. 11(8): 918–923.

İncekara Ü, Darilmaz M, Vafaei R, Po-lat A (2013) Contributions to the knowledge of Iranian aquatic polypha¬ga (Coleoptera) fauna. Turk J Entomol. 37(1): 49–56.

Esfandiari M, Sadeghi S, Khadempour A (2014) First record of Odonata nymphs from Karun River, south-west Iran. Iran J Animal Biosys. 10(2): 205–208.

Salavatian M, Gholiev Z, Aliev A, Abassi K (2011) Feeding behaviour of brown trout, Salmo truttafario, during spawn¬ing season in four rivers of Lar Na¬tional Park, Iran Caspian. J Environ Sci. 9(2): 223– 233.

Khadempoor A, Esfandiari M, Jam-shidniya A (2011) Aquatic insects of Karun River at Ahvaz City, SW Iran. Annual Zoological Congress of “Grigo-reAntipa” Museum, Nov 2011, Nation¬al Museum of Natural History, Bucha-rest, Romania. P. 200.

Karimi F, Moattar F, Farshchi P, Savari A, Parham H (2012) ERA: Suitable method for estimation of ecological effects of pesti¬cide contamination on aquatic species. J Per¬sian Gulf (Ma-rine Science). 3(8): 67–73.

Sharifinia M, Imanpour Namin J, Bo-zorgi Makrani A (2012) Benthic Ma-croin¬vertebrate distribution in Tajan River using canonical correspond-ence analysis. Caspian J Env Sci. 10(2): 181–194.

Gorjian Arabi MH, Shapoori M, Hosse-inzadeh MA, Erfanifar E, Abedi K, Erfanifar E (2013) Effectiveness of mac¬ro invertebrate based biotic index¬es in assessing lake water quality in Gahar,

Iran. World J Zool. 8(3): 285–291.

Ghahari H (2013) A study on aquatic and semiaquatic bugs (Hemiptera: Heterop¬tera) from northern Iran. Bi-olo¬giezentrum Linz/Austria. 45(2): 1991–1996.

Khazeni A, Adler PH, Telmadareiiy Z, Oshaghi MA, Vatandoost H, Abtahi SM, Lotfi A (2013) The Black Flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) of Iran. Zootaxa. 3694(1): 67–74.

Shaverdo HV, Esfandiari M, Khadem-pur A, Nasserzadeh H, Ghodrati A (2013) Diving beetles of Ahvaz City, Khu¬zestan Prov¬ince, Iran (Coleop-tera: Dy¬tiscidae). Kol¬eopt Rdsch. 83: 17–22.

Shayeghi M, Doosti S, Bazrafkan S, Hos-seini-Vasoukolaei N, Vatandoost H, Akhavan AA, Vatandoost S, Arandi-an MH (2013) Prevalence of aquatic entomofauna, the predators of mos-quitoes, in the Zayandeh River of Cen¬tral Iran. Asian Pac J Trop Dis. 4(1): S240–S245.

Malekei-Ravasan N, Bahrami A, Shayeghi M, Oshaghi MA, Malek M, Man-soorian AB, Vatandoost H (2013) Notes on the Iran Caddisflies and role of Annulipalpi¬an hydropsychid Caddisflies as a bio-monitoring agent. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 7(1): 71–82.

Darilmaz MC, Incekara Ü, Vafaei R (2013) Contributions to the knowledge of Iranian aquatic Adephaga (Coleop-tera). Spixiana. 36(1): 149–152.

Pourbehi H, Zare Khormizi M, Biran-vand A (2013) Estimation of field biotic in¬dex and water quality of Shapoor River in autumn season using aquat-ic insect’s fauna. Int J Agric Crop Sci. 6(11): 766–768.

Eyidozehi K, Narouyi Y, Mehraban A, Vazirimehr MR, Rigi K (2014) Evaluation of aquatic insect fauna such as Heteroptera, Ephemeroptera, Diptera, Trichoptera, Cole¬optera, Odonata and so on in east of Goles-tan Province. J Bio Env Sci. 5(1): 508–513.

Shayeghi M, Nejati J, Shirani-Bidabadi L, Koosha M, Badakhshan M, Moham-madi Bavani M, Arzamani K, Choubdar N, Bagheri F, Saghafipour A, Veysi A, Karimi¬an F, Akhavan AA, Vatandoost H (2014) Assessing the fauna of aquatic insects for possible use for malaria vector control in large river, central Iran. Acta Med Iran. 53(9): 523–532.

Nikookar SH, Moosa-Kazemi SH, Oshaghi MA, Vatandoost H, Yaghoobi-Ershadi MR, Enayati AA, Motevali-Haghi F, Ziapour SP, Fazeli-Dinan M (2015) Biodi¬versity of culicid mosquitoes in rural Neka township of Mazandaran Province, Northern Iran. J Vector Borne Dis. 52(1): 63–72.

Soleimani-Ahmadi M, Vatandoost H, Zare M, Alizadeh A, Salehi M (2014) Com¬munity knowledge and practices regarding malaria and long-lasting in¬secticidal nets during malaria elimina¬tion programme in an endemic area in Iran. Malaria J. 13: 511–521.

Hanafi-Bojd AA, Vatandoost H, Oshaghi MA, Haghdoost AA, Shahi M, Sed-aghat MM (2012b) Entomological and epi¬demiological attributes for malaria transmis¬sion and implemen-tation of vector control in southern Iran. Acta Trop. 121(2):85–92.

Shayeghi M, Moradi Asl E, Saeidi Z, Mozafari E, Poudat A, Salimi M, Vatan-doost H (2016) Aquatic insects fauna of Meshkin Shahr, Ardabil Province, Northwestern Iran, 2014. J Marine Sci Res Dev. 6: 206–211.

IssueVol 12 No 1 (2018) QRcode
SectionReview Article
aquatic insects Arthropod-borne diseases Iran water quality

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
How to Cite
Saeidi Z, Vatandoost H. Aquatic Insect from Iran for Possible Use of Biological Control of Main Vector-Borne Disease of Malaria and Water Indicator of Contamination. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 12(1):1-15.