Ectoparasites of Rodents Captured in Hamedan, Western Iran

  • Hamid Zendehfili Department of Medical Entomology, School of Medicine, Hamedan University of Medical Science, Hamedan, Iran.
  • AmirHossein Zahirnia Department of Medical Entomology, School of Medicine, Hamedan University of Medical Science, Hamedan, Iran.
  • AmirHossein Maghsood Department of Parasitology, School of Medicine, Hamedan University of Medical Science, Hamedan, Iran.
  • Mohammad Khanjani Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran.
  • Mohammad Fallah Department of Parasitology, School of Medicine, Hamedan University of Medical Science, Hamedan, Iran.
Keywords: Rodents, Ectoparasites, Iran

Abstract

Background: Rodents with a population greater than the entire population of other mammals on earth are the source of economic losses and health conflicts. One of the major health problems with the rodents is their role as reservoir hosts of zoonotic diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the infestation of commensal rodents with ectoparasites in Hamedan City, Western Iran.Methods: The samples were collected by live traps during years 2012–2013. After transferring the samples to the Entomological Laboratory of Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, their ectoparasites were collected andidentified.Results: A total of 171 slides were prepared from 105 captured commensal rodents: Mus musculus, Rattus rattus and R. norvegicus comprising three orders namely Mesostigmata: Hypoaspis (Laelaspis) astronomica, Dermanyssius sp, Pachylaelapidae (male). Metastigmata: Rhipicephalus sp and Anoplura: Polyplax spinulosa were recovered in Hamedan City. Seventy (66.6%) rodents were found infested with at least one species of ectoparasites.Conclusion: The results of our study indicate that ectoparasites infestation in commensal rodents of Hamedan city is high and more attention by local health authorities is needed to prevent zoonotic diseases.

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Published
2015-10-11
How to Cite
1.
Zendehfili H, Zahirnia A, Maghsood A, Khanjani M, Fallah M. Ectoparasites of Rodents Captured in Hamedan, Western Iran. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 9(2):267-273.
Section
Short Communication