Original Article

Seroprevalence Study on West Nile Virus (WNV) Infection, a Hidden Viral Disease in Fars Province, Southern Iran


Background: West Nile Virus, a mosquito-borne flavivirus, causes a variety of symptoms in human, from asymp­tomatic infection to neuroinvasive disease. Several studies have been conducted on the seroprevalence of WNV in­fection in dif­ferent areas from Iran. This study was performed to find the presence of antiviral antibodies in human serum among some high risk population and awareness of health care staff about symptom of the WNV infection.Methods: Study performed in five geographical districts based on high population of immigrant and do­mestic birds and prevalence of the antiviral antibodies in horses which was reported previously. Totally 150 human blood sam­ples were collected during 2018. The samples collected from patients referred to the clinics. The ELISA method used to detect IgG and IgM antibody against WNV. Logistic regression models used to analyze the effect of sex, age, keeping birds and urban/rural residence on the risk of infection. The awareness of health care staff about symp­tom of infection surveyed.Results: From all blood donors, 41 samples (27.33%) showed positive to IgG antibody. From which 56.10% were males and remaining females. None of the mentioned factors had a significant relationship. Health care staff had less attention to the infection. Conclusions: Although the prevalence of antibodies was relatively high, due to the similarity to other viral diseases, health care staff had less attention to the disease. The study showed that people in these areas have been exposed to the virus. Further research activities are recommended for control of this arbovirus.
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IssueVol 14 No 2 (2020) QRcode
SectionOriginal Article
DOI https://doi.org/10.18502/jad.v14i2.3735
West nile virus; Seroprevalence; Iran

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Amin M, Zaim M, Edalat H, Basseri HR, Yaghoobi-Ershadi MR, Rezaei F, Azizi K, Salehi-Vaziri M, Ghane M, Yousefi-Sharikabad S, Dabaghmanesh S, Kheirandish S, Najafi ME, Mohammadi J. Seroprevalence Study on West Nile Virus (WNV) Infection, a Hidden Viral Disease in Fars Province, Southern Iran. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 2020;14(2):173–184.