Ectoparasites of Rodents Captured in Hamedan, Western Iran
AbstractBackground: Rodents with a population greater than the entire population of other mammals on earth are the source of economic losses and health conflicts. One of the major health problems with the rodents is their role as reservoir hosts of zoonotic diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the infestation of commensal rodents with ectoparasites in Hamedan City, Western Iran.Methods: The samples were collected by live traps during years 2012–2013. After transferring the samples to the Entomological Laboratory of Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, their ectoparasites were collected andidentified.Results: A total of 171 slides were prepared from 105 captured commensal rodents: Mus musculus, Rattus rattus and R. norvegicus comprising three orders namely Mesostigmata: Hypoaspis (Laelaspis) astronomica, Dermanyssius sp, Pachylaelapidae (male). Metastigmata: Rhipicephalus sp and Anoplura: Polyplax spinulosa were recovered in Hamedan City. Seventy (66.6%) rodents were found infested with at least one species of ectoparasites.Conclusion: The results of our study indicate that ectoparasites infestation in commensal rodents of Hamedan city is high and more attention by local health authorities is needed to prevent zoonotic diseases.
Azizi K, Davari B, Kalantar M, Fekri S (2008) Survey of rodents (Muridae: Gerbillinae) and determine reservoirs of cutaneous leishmaniasis using nested- PCR in the city of Jask, Hormozgan. Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences. 16: 66–76.
Cannings RA, Scudder GGE (2013) Fami- lies of Phthiraptera of British Colum- bia. Available at: www.efauna.bc.ca (accessed 22 Jan 2014).
Chulan B, Mariana A, Ho TM, Mohd-Kulaimi B (2005) Preliminary survey of ecto- parasites of small mammals in Kuala Selangor Nature Park. Trop Biomed.22(2): 243–247.
Dehghani R (2007) Evaluation of rodent (Rodentia: Muridae) infestation among houses in Kashan, central of Iran, (Ap- proved Project number 8323). Archive of Deputy of Research of Kashan Uni- versity of Medical Science.
Dezfooli J, Tohidni M, Darabi F, Asarzadegan M (2009) Antibiotic resistance of bac- teria isolated from mice’s intestine in Lahijan. Journal of Kermansha Uni- versity of Medical Sciences. 13(3):251–242.
Easterbrook JD, Kaplan JB, Vanasco NB, Reeves WK, Purcell RH, Kosoy MY, Glass GE, Watson J, Klein SL (2007) A survey of zoonotic pathogens carried by Norway rats in Baltimore, Mary- land, USA. Epidemiol Infect. 135(7):1192–1199.
Etemad A (1978) Mammals of Iran, Rodents and Identification Key, Tehran, Natu- ral Resource rotection and Human Environment Association Press.Faraji F, Abedi L, Ostovan H (2008) A new species of Hypoaspis canestrini from Iran with a key to the Iranian species of Hypospis (Acari, Gamasina, Hypo- aspididae). Zoosyst Evol. 84(2): 205–209.
Ho TM, Krishnasamy M (1991) Ectoparasites Acari and Endoparasites of small mam- mals in Taman Negara. A special issue to commemorate the Golden jubilee of Taman Negara 1939-1989. J Wildl Manag. 10: 54–61.
Inokuma H, Parola P, Raoult D, Brouqui P (2001) Molecular survey of Ehrlichia infection in ticks from animals in Ya- maguchi Prefecture, Japan. Vet Para- sitol. 99(4): 335–339.
Kaboodvandpour S, K-P-Leung L (2010) Managing crop damage caused by house mice (Mus domesticus) in Aus- tralia. J Zool. 1: 2–14.
Keirans JE, Litwak TR (1989) Pictorial Key to the Adults of Hard Ticks, Family Ixodidae (Ixodida: odoidea), East of the Mississippi River. J Med Entomol.26(5): 435–448.
Kia E, Moghddas-Sani H, Hassanpoor H, Vatandoost H, Zahabiun F, Akhavan A, Hanafi-Bojd A, lmadarraiy Z (2009) Ectoparasites of Rodents Cap- tured in Bandar Abbas, Southern Iran. Iran J Arthropod-Borne Dis. 3(2): 44–49.
Meerburg BG, Singleton GR, Kijlstra A (2009) Rodent-borne diseases and their risks for public health. Crit Rev Mic- robiol. 35: 221–270.
Mostafavi E, Chinikar S, Moradi M, Bayat N, Meshkat M, Khalili-Fard M, Ghiasi SM (2013) A Case Report of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in Os- triches in Iran. Open Virol J. 7: 81–83.
Nadchatram M, Damrow R, Ng CK (1966) Parasite acarina of the mammals. Bul- letin of the National Museum of Sin- gapore. 34: 129–140.
Nateghpour M, Akhavan AA, Hanafi-Bojd AA, Telmadarraiy Z, Ayazian-Mavi S, Hosseini-Vasoukolaei N, Haghi AM, Akbarzadeh K (2013) Wild rodents and their ectoparasites in Baluchistan area, southeast of Iran. Trop Biomed.30(1): 72–77.
Nekouei H, Assmar M (2010) Medical Rodentology. Tehran. Noor-e-Danesh. Oormazdi H (1995) Medical Parasitology.
Tehran. Tehran University. Paramasvaran S, Sani RA, Hassan L,Krishnasamy M, Jeffery J, Oothuman P, Salleh I, Lim KH, Sumarni MG, Santhana RL (2009) Ectoparasite fauna of rodents and shrews from four hab- itats in Kuala Lumpur and the states of Selangor and Negeri Sembilan, Malay- sia and its public health significance. Trop Biomed. 26(3): 303–311.
Rasouli S, Tehrani A, Hanifian H, Athayi M, Ghafarzade S, Pirbudaghi H, Hoseini E, Ghasemzade E (2011) A Report over the infection with the Louse Polyplax spinulosa in typical rats be- longing to the Wistar Strain Kept in the Laboratory Animal Breeding and Keeping Center of Urmia University. Global Veterinaria. 6(6): 547–550.
Sadeghi M, Jabbari A, Bayani M, Alijanpour E, Javaniyan M, Asgharzadeh SA (2013) Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever ap- pearance in the north of Iran. Caspian J Intern Med. 4(1): 617–620.
Suntsov VV, Huong LT, Suntsova NI, Gratz NG (1997) Plague foci in Viet Nam: zoological and rasitological aspects. Bull WHO. 75(2): 117–123.
Telmadarraiy Z, Vatandoost H, Mohammadi S, Akhavan AA, Abai MR, Rafinejad J, Kia EB, Faghih Naini F, Jedari M, Aboulhasani M (2007) Determination of Rodent Ectoparasite Fauna in Sarpole- Zahab District, Kermanshah Province, Iran, 2004–2005. Iran J Arthropod- Borne Dis. 1(1): 58–62.
WHO Plague Manual (1992) Epidemiology,Distribution and control. WHO/CDC/ CSR/ EDC/99.2.
Zahedi M, Jeffery J, Krishnasamy M, Bharat VK (1984) Ectoparasites fauna of Rattus ratus diardii from an urban and semi urban enviroment. J Malay Soc Health. 4(2): 25–27
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.