Chemical Composition and Repellent Activity of Achillea vermiculata and Satureja hortensis against Anopheles stephensi

  • Masoumeh Pirmohammadi Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran
  • Mansoureh Shayeghi Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran
  • Hassan Vatandoost Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran Instituet for Environmental Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Mohammad Reza Abaei Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran
  • Ali Mohammadi Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran
  • Akbar Bagheri Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran
  • Mehdi Khoobdel Health Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Hasan Bakhshi Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran
  • Maryam Pirmohammadi Kashan University, Kashan, Iran
  • Maryam Tavassoli Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran
Keywords:
Achillea vermiculata, Satureja hortensis, Anopheles stephensi, Repellency, Protection time

Abstract

Background: One of the best ways to control the malaria disease and to be protected human against Anopheles mos­quito biting is the use of repellents. Throughout repellents, herbal ones may be an appropriate and safe source for protection.Methods: Chemical constituents of Achillea vermiculata and Satoreja hortensis were determined by using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Efficacy and the protection time of these plants were assessed on Anopheles stephensi under the laboratory condition.Results: The mean assessed protection time and efficacy for A. vermiculata was 2.16 and 3.16 hours respectively and the obtained ED50 and ED90 for this plant was 5.67 and 63 µl/cm2 respectively. The figured for S. hortensis was 4.16 and 5 hours respectively.  ED50 and ED90 for this plant were 5.63 and 45.75µl/cm2 respectively.Conclusion: Results of investigation showed that S. hortensis plant has an acceptable protection time, therefore, this plant could be considered as a good herbal repellent against anopheles mosquitoes.

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Published
2016-05-05
How to Cite
1.
Pirmohammadi M, Shayeghi M, Vatandoost H, Abaei MR, Mohammadi A, Bagheri A, Khoobdel M, Bakhshi H, Pirmohammadi M, Tavassoli M. Chemical Composition and Repellent Activity of Achillea vermiculata and Satureja hortensis against Anopheles stephensi. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 10(2):201-210.
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Original Article