Review Article

Insecticide Resistance in the West Nile Encephalitis, Japanese Encephalitis, Avian Malaria and Lymphatic Elephantiasis Vector, Culex pipiens complex (Diptera: Culicidae) in Iran


Background: Culex pipiens complex is considered as a vector of some important diseases suchas West Nile fever, equine encephalitis, Rift valley fever, St. Louis encephalitis, Elephanthiasis and avian malaria in the world. The main measure for vector control is using insecticides. High use of insecticides caused resistance in the populations. The aim of this study was to review the status of insecticide resistance in the vector.
Methods: Insecticide resistance in this species was found by the available papers and map of the data for carbamates, organochlorine, organophosphates, pyrethroids, microbial and insect growth regulator insecticides were done. An intensive search of scientific literature was done in “PubMed”, “Web of Knowledge”, “Scopus”, “Google Scholar”, “SID”, and related resources.
Results: Results showed that a wide variety of resistance to different insecticides in the country. Due to importance of this species in transmission of diseases.
Discussion: resistance management strategies should be further considered to prevent from in secticide resistance and replacement of novel approach for vector control.

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IssueVol 15 No 4 (2021) QRcode
SectionReview Article
Insecticide Resistance Vector Culex pipiens complex

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How to Cite
Azarm A, Nasrabadi M, Shahidi F, Dehghan A, Nikpoor F, Zahraie-Ramazani A, Molaeezadeh SM, Bozorgomid F, Tashakori G, Vatandoost H. Insecticide Resistance in the West Nile Encephalitis, Japanese Encephalitis, Avian Malaria and Lymphatic Elephantiasis Vector, Culex pipiens complex (Diptera: Culicidae) in Iran. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 2022;15(4):349-357.