The First Report of Eustigmaeus johnstoni (Acari: Stigmaeidae) Parasitic Mite of Phlebotominae Sand Flies from Iran
Background: Stigmaeids mites have been recorded only on Phlebotominae sand flies up to now. Five species of Eustigmaeus, and three of Stigmaeus were reported on infested sandflies in different country up to the present.
Methods: Sand flies collection was done using CDC light trap and sticky paper. The mites were isolated from in- fested specimens, mounted in Puri’s medium and identified using reliable keys.
Results: A mite infested Phlebotomus papatasi was observed during a study on sandflies of one of the southern provinces of Iran, near to the Persian Gulf. Several scars resulting from mite attachment were found on abdominal tergites of this female sand fly. The mites were identified as Eustigmaeus johnstoni.
Conclusion: This parasitic mite is one of the eyeless species, which has a great distribution over the world, reported from Tunisia, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Yemen, Cyprus and Palestine. But, this is the first record of this species from Iran.
Abbonec E (1970) Notes sur les Acarines parasites des Phlebotomus. Cahiers L’office de la Recherche Scientifique et Teqnique Oter-Mer. Entomol Med Parasit. 8: 89–94.
Berlese A (1910) Acari nuovi. Manipulus V, VI. Redia 6: 199–234 + Plates XVIII– XXI.
Chaudhri WM (1965) New mites of the genus Ledermuelleria. Acarol. 7: 467–486. Eddie AU, Harten A, Magdalena KP (2006)
The mites and ticks (Acari) of Yemen: an annotated check-list. Fauna of Ara- bia. 22: 243–286.
Fan Q, Zhang ZQ (2005) Fauna of New Zea- land. Manaaki Whenua Press, Lincoln, Canterbury, New Zealand.
Hirst S (1926) Report on the Acari found on or associated with sand flies in India. Indian J Med Res. 13: 1023–1026.
Kethley J (1990) Acarina: Prostigmata (Actinedida). In: Dindal DL (Ed) Soil Biology Guide, Vol. 1. John Wiley, New York, pp. 667–756.
Koch CL (1836) Deutschlands Crustaceen, Myriapoden und Arachniden. Ein Beitrag zur Deutschen Fauna. 4: 9. (Herrich-Schäffer, Regensburg).
Lewis DJ, Macfarlane D (1982) The mites of Phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psy- codidae). In: Canning E.U. (Ed) Soci- ety of Protozoology. Special Publi- cation, Vol 1. Allen Press, Kansas, pp.177–183.
Mitra CRD, Mitra SD (1953) A new species of Raphignathus (Acarina) associated with Phlebotomus in India. Zeitschrift für Parasitenkunde. 15: 429–432.
Shehata M, Baker A (1996) Mites infesting phlebotomine sand flies in southern Sinai, Egypt. Med Vet Entomol. 10(2):193–196.
Swift SF (1987) A new species of Stigmaeus (Acari: Prostigmata: Stigmaeidae) par- asitic on hlebotomine flies (Diptera: Psychodidae). Int J Acarol. 13(4):239–243.
Wood TG (1972) Redescription of Stigmaeus youngi (Hirst), Acari, Stigmaeidae. Acarol. 14(2): 163–165.
Zhang ZQ, Gerson U (1995) Eustigmaeus johnstoni, new species (Acari: Stig- maeidae), parasitic on phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae). Tijd- schrift voor Entomologie. 138: 297–301.
|Issue||Vol 7 No 1 (2013)|
|Eustigmaeus johnstoni Iran Mite Phlebotomus papatasi sand flies|
|Rights and permissions|
|This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.|